Personal History

Irvin Modlin was born in Oudtshoorn, South Africa. He was educated in Cape Town, South Africa, Dublin, Ireland, and Leeds and London, England. He received an MB, ChB magna cum laude from the University of Cape Town in 1968 and was awarded Gold Medals for Surgery in 1975 by both the South African College of Surgeons and the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh.

He subsequently studied gastrointestinal surgery, endocrine surgery, and endoscopy at the Royal Postgraduate Medical School, Hammersmith Hospital, London, England (1975-77). Thereafter, he investigated gut physiology at the Center for Ulcer Research Education at UCLA (1977-79) before moving to SUNY, New York (1980-83). In 1984, he was appointed Chief of Surgery at the West Haven VA Medical Center and Vice Chairman of the Department of Surgery at Yale University School of Medicine. In 2004, he lectured on the influence of Edinburgh on American Surgery (at the Royal College of Surgeons), and on the molecular genetics of carcinoid neoplasia and fibrosis (European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society and the British Society of Surgical Oncology), while in 2005, lectures on the molecular genetics of gastric neoplasia (Yokohama) was followed by the Mikulicz-Radecki Medal and an oration on this surgeon and his contributions to treating gastric disease.

He is currently Professor of Surgery and Director of the Gastric Pathobiology Research Group at the Yale University School of Medicine.

In 1987, he was awarded an MA (Hon. Causa) in literature by Yale University. In 1989, he was awarded a PhD in physiology from the University of Cape Town and in 2005, a D.Sc. from this institution. In 1991, the University of Gothenberg, Sweden awarded him an MD (Hon. Causa).

Dr Modlin has delivered the Eisenberg Memorial lecture (Brigham and Women’s Hospital, 1993), the I. N. Marks lecture (Johannesburg, 1994), the Jena Poyla Memorial Lecture (Semmelweis University, Budapest, 1995), the Arris and Gale lecture (Royal Postgraduate Medical School, 1995), and the Theodor Kocher Oration (Bern, 1996). In 1997, the Royal College of Surgeons of England awarded Dr Modlin a Hunterian Professorship, and in 1998 a Fellowship. In 1999, he delivered the Bayliss and Starling Memorial Lecture at Queen’s University, Belfast, and in 2000 a Centenary Oration at the Japanese Surgical Society. In 2001 he presented a talk at the Nordic Endocrine Society Meeting, Iceland, and in 2002 the James IV Oration was delivered in Edinburgh, talks on stem cells (Japan Ulcer Research) and on integrated digestive surgery. In 2003, Dr Modlin delivered the Per Dubb Oration at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, as well as endoscopic talks to the Royal Society of Medicine (London, England) and on GERD to the German Endoscopic Society as well as at the UEGW (Madrid, Spain).

Current research interests include the elucidation of the growth factor mediated transformation process of the enterochromaffin-like cell (ECL) and the development of intravenous receptor targeted isotopic neuroendocrine tumor irradiation. His recent books include: “Laparoscopic Surgery,” “From Prout to the Proton Pump,” “Acid Related Disease: Biology and Treatment,” “The History of Endoscopy,” “The Logic of Omeprazole,” “The History of Gastroenterology,” and “The Evolution of Therapy in Gastroenterology.” He has also written a series of medical travel and historical books on Rome (“From Galen to Glory”), Vienna (“From Billroth to Boas”), New Orleans (“Medicine on the Mississippi”), and Washingtonian medicine (“Medical Milestones on the Potomac”).

Dr Modlin’s initial interest in the gastrointestinal tract was stimulated by his fascination with the process of malo-lactic fermentation. His focus on endoscopy was prompted by an early paternal exposure to the art of cystoscopy. His subsequent involvement in the art and science of oenology and gastronomy amplified his focus on visceral matters and pepsis. Cognizant of Billroth’s admonition that “Only an individual familiar with the arts and science of the past is competent to define its progress in the future,” he has sought to interface a knowledge of current surgery and science with the lessons of antiquity. As an ardent member of the Beaumont, Prout, and Athenaeum Clubs, his interest in the historical and scientific aspects of medicine spans the Atlantic and its bordering continents.


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I. Research Activities

II. Presentations

III. All Publications (N = 506)

A. Clinical (N = 153)

B. Research (N = 225)

C. Historical Articles (N = 40)

D. Books (N = 17)

E. Book Chapters (N = 59)

F. Miscellaneous (N = 12)


Research Activities And Interests

a) Scientific Research

Current research responsibility is as Director of the Gastric Pathobiology Research Group. This is a twenty to twenty-five member group variously studying pancreatic, gastric, ileal and colonic endocrine and biochemical phenomena in the gastrointestinal system. Persons involved are surgeons, PhDs, surgical residents, technicians and visiting scientists from different countries and institutions. The overall specific research areas are in brief as follows:


Isolated pancreatic acini are utilized to provide a model for the study of intracellular zymogen activation. The methodology utilizes western blot techniques to identify active fragments. Immunogold electron microscopy is used to identify colocalization of enzymes in subcellular compartments.

Pepsinogen Secretion:

Isolated peptic cells are generated using elutriation centrifugation and nycodenz gradient systems. The mechanisms of exocytosis are studied with particular reference to identification of small GTP binding protein families and intracellular calcium flux. Characterization of CCK and gastrin type receptors is undertaken using peptide fragments and antagonists.

Parietal Cells:

Isolated parietal cells are studied with a view to identification of the subcellular mechanisms of secretion. This involves structural studies using confocal microscopy and biochemical cross-referencing using two dimensional gel separation of phosphorylated proteins. Specific identification of EGF and TGFa subcellular localization is the current primary goal.

Mastomys ECL Cells:

The histogenesis of the ECLoma tumor has been studied using cell culture and nude mice transfer. Western and northern blotting are used to demonstrate oncogene amplification. Secretion of tumor peptides and amines is assessed by HPLC and RIA methodology.

Intracellular pH Regulation:

The control of pH by specific related ion pumps is evaluated using isolated perfused gastric glands. This methodology involves fluorescent spectrophotometry and video enhanced isolated cell imagery. Calibration curves using Nigericin and cell loading with BCECF are components of the system.


b) Clinical Investigations

1. Minimally invasive surgery

2. Carcinoid tumors

3. Pancreatitis and neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas

4. Peptic ulcer disease


c) Research Funding


Grant Title




I.M. Modlin

Secretagogue Regulation of Protein Phosphorylation in Parietal Cells





J.R. Goldenring

(IMM Co-Invest.)

Cyclic AMP-Dependent Mediation of Parietal Cell Function





I.M. Modlin

Pathophysiology of an Endocrine Tumor - A Peptic Ulcer Model





G. Ballantyne

(IMM Co-Invest.)

Release of Peptide Tyrosine and Enteroglucagon from the colon





M. Basson

(IMM Co-Invest.)

Growth Factor - Matrix Interaction in the Regulation of Enterocyte Migration

Yale Univ.




L. Tang

(IMM Co-Invest.)

Characterization of a Tubulovesicle-Associated 23 kDa GTP-Binding Protein from Rabbit Parietal Cell

Yale Univ.




M. Basson

(IMM Co-Invest.)

Control mechanisms for mammlian pepsinogen secretion






R. Powers

(IMM Co-Invest.)

Altered acinar cell function during acute pancreatitis





I.M. Modlin


Research Training in Surgical Gastroenterology





F. Gorelick

(IMM Co-Invest.)

Intracellular Activation of Pancreatic Zymogens






C. Soroka

(IMM Co-invest.)

The cultured parietal cell: a model for membrane-cytoskeletal interactions





S. Waisbren

(IMM Co-Invest.)

Intracellular pH regulation in perfused gastric glands





I.M. Modlin


Pathophysiology of an Endocrine Tumor – Gastric ECLoma Model





J. Murren

(IMM Co-Invest)

Isotopic Therapy of SST expressing Neuroendocrine Tumors





I.M. Modlin

Molecular Strategies for Gastric Carcinoid Surgery





I.M. Modlin

Determination of the naïve human EC cell transcriptome and identification of neoplastic genes in a novel small intestinal carcinoid cell line

Yale Univ



I.M. Modlin

(Mark Kidd Co-Invest)

Molecular strategies to preemptively define gastrointestinal carcinoid surgery





Selected Presentation List


  • “Biology of the Enterochromaffin cell”: Trondheim University, Norway.
  • “Evolution of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Surgery”: Greek Surgical Society, Thessalonika.
  • “Management of GERD”: Hyderabad , India.

·        “Somatostatin Radiopeptide Therapy”: American Society of Clinical Oncology, Atlanta Georgia.

·        “The Evolution of Acid Suppression”: Jan Mikulicz Memorial Meeting, Wroclaw, Poland.


·        “Molecular Genetics of Gastric Neoplasia”: Yokohama, Japan.


·        “The Influence of Edinburgh on the founding of American Medical Schools”: American College of Surgeons/Royale College of Surgeons (Edinburgh).

·        “The Biology of Carcinoid Disease”: European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society, London.

·        “The Molecular basis of Carcinoid Fibrosis”: British Society of Surgical Oncology, London.

·        “Evolution of GI disease management”: American College of Gastroenterology, Orlando.


·        “The Molecular Basis of the ECL cell”: Per Dubb Oration, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

·        Current Status of GERD management. German Endoscopic society, Hamburg.

·        “The Evolution of Esophageal Therapy”: United European Gastroenterology Weekly, Madrid, Spain.

·        “From the Mucosa to the Serosa”: Digestive Disease Weekly, Orlando.

·        “From the Macula to the Mucosa” Royal Society of Medicine, London.

·        Evolution of Pancreatic Therapy” Dartmouth Grand Rounds - Surgery


·        Invited speaker, “Cancer of Esophagus and Gastric Cardia: From Gene to Cure,” Amsterdam, the Netherlands

·        Invited speaker, “Perspectives and reflections on integrated digestive surgery,” The Future of Gastro-Entero-Hepato-Pancreatology is Bright, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

·        Invited speaker, “Amsterdam and Netherlands Gastroenterology: a historical perspective,” The Future of Gastro-Entero-Hepato-Pancreatology is Bright, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

·        Invited speaker, “Stem cells and mucosal dynamics: Regulation, repair and neoplasia,” Japanese Society of Ulcer Research

·        Keynote address, Indian Hepatobiliary Society, “Surgery of chronic pancreatitis”

·        James IV Oration, Edinburgh, “Molecular strategies and 111In-labeled somatostatin analogs in defining the management of neuroendocrine tumor disease: A new paradigm for surgical management”

·        External Surgical Assessor, University of Oman


·        “Gastric Carcinoid Molecular Biology,” Nordic Endocrine Society Meeting, Iceland

·        Controversies, Problems, and Techniques in Surgery Symposium

·        Invited Speaker International Pancreatic Meeting, Heidelberg “The surgery of chronic pancreatitis—A chronicle of confusion and despair?”


  • Invited Speaker: “From k-Ras to Kagoshima,” 100-yearAnniversary of the Japanese Surgical Society: Tokyo
  • The Eastern Surgical Society: “Beyond Wittgenstein,” New Haven
  • International Chronic Pancreatitis Symposium, Bern: “The Evolution of Chronic Pancreatitis”
  • International Esophageal Meeting, Paris: “The Molecular and Historic Basis of Barrett’s Esophagus”
  • International Helicobacter pylori Meeting, Bermuda: “From the Pump to the Helix”


·                                The Beaumont Lecture

·                                John Callum Memorial Oration


  • Royal College of Surgeons of England, Hunterian Professorship
  • Invited Speaker: The F. Troncale Memorial Lecture. “gerd”, New Haven
  • Invited Speaker: The Dutch Gastro Society: “The Golden Age of Dutch Medicine,” Veldhoven, Holland
  • Invited Speaker: British Society of Surgery, “Carcinoid Biology and Surgery,” Belfast.
  • Invited Speaker: Brown University, RI: “The Gordian Conundrum”



A. Clinical

1)             MODLIN IM, Moss SF, Oberg K, Padbury R, Hicks R, Gustafsson BI, Wright NA, Kidd M. Gastrointestinal neuroendocrine (carcinoid) tumors – current diagnosis and management. Australian Medical Journal 2010 (accepted).

2)             MODLIN IM, Pavel M, Kidd M, Gustafsson BI. Somatostatin analogues: An appraisal of their utility and efficacy. Aliment Pharmacol Ther (2009) (in press).

3)             Klimstra D, MODLIN IM, Adsay N, Chetty R, Deshpande V, Gonen M, Jensen R, Kidd M, Kulke M, R. L, Moran C, Moss S, Oberg K, O’Toole D, Rindi G, Robert M, Suster S, Tang L, Tzen C-Y, Washington M, Wiedenmann B, Yao J. Pathologic Reporting of Neuroendocrine Tumors: Application of the Delphic Consensus Process to the Development of a Minimum Pathologic Data Set. Am J Pathol (2009) (in press).

4)             MODLIN IM, Wright NA, Gustafsson BI, Kidd M. Gastrointestinal neuroendocrine (carcinoid) tumors. Gastroenterology (2009) (in press).

5)             Kahrilas PJ, Shaheen NJ, Vaezi MF, Hiltz SW, Black E, MODLIN IM, Johnson SP, Allen J, Brill JV; American Gastroenterological Association. American Gastroenterological Association Medical Position Statement on the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gastroenterology. 2008 Oct;135(4):1383-1391, 1391.e1-5.

6)             MODLIN IM, Hunt RH, Malfertheiner P, Moayyedi P, Quigley EM, Tytgat GN, Tack J, Holtmann G, Moss SF. Non-erosive reflux disease--defining the entity and delineating the management. Digestion. 2008;78 Suppl 1:1-5. Epub 2008 Oct 2.

7)             Pannala R, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. Acute pancreatitis: the rapid pace of no change. Pancreas 2009;38:355-66.

8)             MODLIN IM, Moss SF, Chung DC, Jensen RT, Snyderwine E. Priorities for improving management of gastropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. J Natl Cancer Inst 2008; 100:1282-9.

9)             Gustafsson BI, Siddique Z-L, Chan AK, Manku D, Drozdov I, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. Uncommon cancers of the small intestine, appendix and colon: An analysis of SEER 1973-2004, and current diagnosis and therapy. International Journal of Cancer 2008; 33:1121-31.

10)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Drozdov I, Siddique Z-L, Gustafsson BI. Pharmacotherapy of Neuroendocrine Cancers. Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy 2008; 9:2617-26.

11)          Hauso O, Gustafsson G, Kidd M, Waldum H, Drozdov I, Chan AK, MODLIN IM. Neuroendocrine Tumor Epidemiology: Contrasting Norway and North America. Cancer 2008; 113:2655-64.

12)          Gustafsson BI, Hauso O, Drozdov I, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. Carcinoid Heart Disease. (International Journal of Cardiology (2008) (in press).

13)          Bornschein J, Kidd M, Malfetheiner P, MODLIN IM. Neuroendokrine Tumoren des Gastrointestinaltraktes. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2008;133: 1505-10.

14)          Gustafsson BI, Kidd M, Chan A, Malfertheiner MV, MODLIN IM. Bronchopulmonary neuroendocrine tumors. Cancer 2008; 113:5-21.

15)          MODLIN IM, Moss SF. Symptom Evaluation in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2008; 42:558-563.

16)          Hungin P, MODLIN IM. NERD: a new approach in managing reflux symptoms. Fam Pract. 2008; 25:397-9.

17)          MODLIN IM, Oberg K, Chung DC, Jensen RT, de Herder WW, Thakker RV, Caplin M, Delle Fave G, Kaltsas GA, Krenning EP, Moss SF, Nilsson O, Rindi G, Salazar R, Ruszniewski P, Sundin A. Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors. Lancet Oncol 2008; 9:61-72.

18)          Gustafsson BI, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. Neuroendocrine tumors of the Diffuse Neuroendocrine System. Current Opinion in Oncology 2008; 20:1-12.

19)          MODLIN IM, Champaneria MC, Chan AKC, Kidd M. A three decade analysis of 3,911 small intestinal carcinoids: The rapid pace of no progress. Am J Gastroenterol 2007; 102: 1464-73.

20)          Hunt RH, Tytgat G, Malfertheiner P, Fock KM, Heading R, Katelaris P, McCarthy D, McColl KE, Moss SF, Sachs G, Sontag SJ, Thomson A, MODLIN IM. Whistler Summary: “the slow rate of progress”. J. Clin Gastroenterol 2007; 41:539-45.

21)          Moss SF, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. The status of the hiatus: the role of hernia in gastroesophageal reflux disease. J Clin Gastroenterol (2007) (in press).

22)          Hunt RH, Malfertheiner P, Armstrong D, Holtmann G, Quigley EMM, Spechler SJ, MODLIN IM. GERD Evaluation – Time for a new paradigm. J Clin Gastroenterol 2007; 41:237-41.

23)          Pannala R, Gafni-Kane A, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. An Ileal Endometrioma: Of Carcinoids and Cadherin. J Gastrointestinal Surgery 2007; 11:229-32.

24)          MODLIN IM, Shapiro MD, Kidd M. Primary carcinoid tumor of the parotid: a case report and review of the literature. Ear Nose Throat Journal 2006; 85:533-9.

25)          Latich I, MODLIN IM, Zikusoka MN, Kidd M, Eick G, Chan A. Gastrointestinal carcinoids – the Evolution of Diagnostic strategies. J Clin Gastroenterol 2006; 40:572-82.

26)          MODLIN IM, Latich I, Kidd M, Zikusoka MN, Eick G. Therapeutic options for Gastrointestinal carcinoids. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2006; 4:526-47.

27)          Pannala R, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. Surgery for the Obese: A Panacea? Digestive Surgery 2006; 23:1-11.

28)          Malfertheiner P, Fass R, Quigley EM, MODLIN IM, Malagelada JR, Moss SF, Holtmann G, Goh KL, Katelaris P, Stanghellini V, Talley NJ, Tytgat GN, Wright NA. Review article: from gastrin to gastro-oesophageal reflux disease--a century of acid suppression. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2006 Mar 15;23(6):683-90

29)          Ballantyne GH, Gumbs A, MODLIN IM. Changes in insulin resistance following bariatric surgery and the adipoinsular axis: role of the adipocytokines, leptin, adiponectin and resistin. Obes Surg. 2005 May;15(5):692-9.

30)          Gumbs AA, MODLIN IM, Ballantyne GH. Changes in insulin resistance following bariatric surgery: role of caloric restriction and weight loss. Obes Surg. 2005 Apr;15(4):462-73.

31)          MODLIN IM, Adler G, Alexander K, Arnold R, Brenner DA, Corazziari E, Floch MH, LaPorte RE, Peterson WL, Quigley EM, Shapiro MD, Spechler SJ, Spiller RC, Tytgat GN, Wiegers W. Information assimilation and distribution challenges and goals for real and virtual journals. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2005; 39: 181-8.

32)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Latich I, Zikusoka MN, Shapiro MD. Current status of Gastrointestinal carcinoids. Gastroenterology 2005; 128: 1717-51.

33)          Buragas M, Kidd M, MODLIN IM, Cha C. Multiple gastrointestinal stromal tumors and synchronous ileal carcinoid. Nature Medicine Clinical Practice 2005; 2(3): 1-5.

34)          MODLIN IM, Shapiro MD, Kidd M. A Miscellany of rare carcinoids – Clarifying the clinical conundrum. World J. Surg 2005; 29:92-101.

35)          MODLIN IM, Shapiro MD, Kidd M. Carcinoid tumors and fibrosis: a relation with little explanation. Am J Gastro 2004; 99:2466-2478.

36)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M. GERD 2003: Issues from the past and a consensus for the future. Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology 2004; 18 Suppl: 55-66.

37)          Mullerpatan PM, Joshi SR, Shah RC, Tampi CS, Doctor VM, Jagannath P, MODLIN IM. Calcitonin-secreting tumor of the pancreas. Dig Surg 2004; 21:321-324.

38)          Abir F, MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Bell R. The Surgical Treatment of Achalasia: Current Status and Controversies. Digestive Surgery 2004; 21:165-176.

39)          MODLIN IM, Moss SF, M Kidd, K Lye. Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease - Then and Now. J Clin Gastroenterol, 2004; 38:390-402.

40)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M. GERD 2003: Issues from the past and a consensus for the future. Drugs Today 2004; 40(Suppl 1A) 3-8.

41)          MODLIN IM, Lye K, Kidd M. Multiple gastric carcinoids. J Am Coll Surg 2004; 198: 174.

42)          MODLIN IM, Lye K, Kidd M. A 50-year analysis of 562 gastric carcinoids: small tumor – or larger problem? Am J Gastroenterol 2004; 99: 23-32.

43)          Koelz HR, Blum AL, MODLIN IM. Costs of GERD: Facts and Fiction. (Selected Summary) Gastroenterology 2003; 125: 981-2.

44)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Lye K. Carcinoid Tumors of the Stomach. Surgical Oncology 2003; 12:153-172.

45)          Moss SF, Armstrong D, Arnold R, Ferenci P, Fock KM, Holtmann G, McCarthy DM, Moraes-Filho JP, Mutschler E, Playford R, Spechler SJ, Stanghellini V, MODLIN IM. GERD 2003 - A Consensus on the Way Ahead. Digestion. 2003;67(3):111-7.

46)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Lye KD, Murren J, Argiris A. Molecular Strategies and 111In-labeled somatostatin analogues in defining the management of neuroendocrine tumour disease: a new paradigm for surgical management. The Surgeon 2003; 1(3): 137-143.

47)          MODLIN IM, Lye KD, Kidd M. A 5-decade analysis of 13,715 carcinoid tumors. Cancer 2003; 97:934-959.

48)          Gumbs AA, Moore PS, Falconi M, Bassi C, Beghelli S, MODLIN IM, Scarpa A. Review of the clinical, histological, and molecular aspects of pancreatic endocrine neoplasms. J Surg Oncol. 2002; 81:45-53.

49)          Moss SF, MODLIN IM. Summation: irritable bowel and the irritable physician. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2002; 35 (1 Suppl):S68-70.

50)          MODLIN IM. Efficacy and safety of intravenously administered pantoprazole in the treatment of gastrinoma. Recenti Prog Med 2001; 92:456-461.

51)          Lew EA, Pisegna JR, Starr JA, Soffer EF, Forsmark C, MODLIN IM, Walsh JH, Beg M, Bochenek W, Metz DC. Intravenous pantoprazole rapidly controls gastric acid hypersecretion in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Gastroenterol 2000; 118:696-704.

52)          Yale University Workshop Reports. Extraesophageal Manifestations of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. J Clin Gastroenterol 2000:30 (3) (suppl).

53)          MODLIN IM, Tang LH. Cell and tumour biology of the gastric enterochromaffin-like cell. Ital J Gastroenterol Hepato 1999:31(supp2):S117-30.

54)          MODLIN IM, Tang LH, Svennevik. Gastric Carcinoid Tumors. Surgical Endocrinology, 2001, 30:431-446.

55)          Schonfeld WH, Eiken EP, Woltering EA, MODLIN IM, Anthony L, Villa KF, Zagari M. The cost-effectiveness of octreotide acetate in the treatment of carcinoid syndrome and VIPoma. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 1998; 14:514-525

56)          Sandor A, MODLIN IM. A retrospective analysis of 1570 appendiceal carcinoids. Am J Gastreoterol 1998; 93:422-428

57)          Moss SF, Fendrick AM, Cave DR, MODLIN IM. Helicobacter pylori - more light, less heat? Am J Gastroenterol 1998; 93:306-310

58)          MODLIN IM, Sandor A, Tang LH, Kidd M, Zelterman D. A 40 year analysis of 265 gastric carcinoids. Am J Gastroenterol 1997; 92: 633-638

59)          Begos DG, Sandor A, MODLIN IM. The Diagnosis and Management of Adult Intussusception. Am J Surg 1997, 173: 88-94

60)          MODLIN IM, Tang LH. Approaches to the diagnosis of Gut neuroendocrine tumors: The last word (Today). Gastroenterol 1997, 112: 583-590

61)          MODLIN IM, Sandor A. An analysis of 8305 Cases of Carcinoid Tumors. Cancer 1997, 79:813-829

62)          MODLIN IM, Gilligan CJ, Lawton GP, Tang LH, West AB, Lindenberg R. Observations on relationship between hypergastrinemia, multiple gastric carcinoids, and pancreatic mass. Dig Dis Sci 1996; 41(1):105.14.

63)          MODLIN IM, Lawton GP, Cornelius E. Use of an Isotopic Somatostatin Receptor Probe to Image Gut Endocrine Tumors. Arch Surg 1995;130:367-374.

64)          MODLIN IM, Gilligan CJ, Lawton GP, Tang LH, West AB, Darr U. Gastric Carcinoids: The Yale Experience. Arch Surg 1995; 130 (3) 250-256.

65)          MODLIN IM. To Repair the Fault or End the Acid Reign? Scand J Gastroenterol 1995; 30 Suppl 210:1-5.

66)          MODLIN IM and Hunt RH. Critical Reappraisal of Mucosal Repair Mechanisms. Scand J Gastroenterol 1995; 30 Suppl 210: 28-31.

67)          Begos DG, Franco KL, Baldwin JC, Lee FA, Revkin JH, MODLIN IM. Optimal Timing And Indications For Cholecystectomy In Cardiac Transplant Patients. World J Surg. 19, 661-667, 1995.

68)          Gilligan CJ, Tang LH, Lawton GP, West AB, MODLIN IM. Gastric Carcinoid Tumors: The Biology and Therapy of an Enigmatic and Controversial Lesion. Am J Gastro 1995;Vol. 90 (3):338-352.

69)          Sgambati SA, Lawton GP, MODLIN IM. Chronic Pancreatitis: A Precursor to Pancreatic Carcinoma? Dig Surg 1994; 11:275-285.

70)          Begos DG, MODLIN IM. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: From Gimmick To Gold Standard. J Clin Gastroenterol 1994; 19(4):325-30.

71)          MODLIN IM, Lawton GP. Editorial: Duodenal Gastrinoma: The Solution to the Pancreatic Paradox. J Clin Gastroenterol 1994; 19(3):184-8.

72)          Mani S, MODLIN IM, Ballantyne G, Ahlman H, West B. Carcinoids of the Rectum. Jo Am Coll Surg 1994, 179; 231-248.

73)          MODLIN IM, Lawton FP. The Evolving Clinical Uses of Octreotide. Drug Therapy, August 1994; 28-38.

74)          Lawton GP, MODLIN IM. Recent advances in the localization and surgical management of duodenal gastrinomas. In: Current Opinion in General Surgery 1994: 131-137, ed JM Daly, Current Science.

75)          Ginsberg RJ, Miller TA, MODLIN IM. Esophageal, gastric and small intestine (editorial overview). In: Current Opinion in General Surgery 1994: 109-112, ed JM Daly, Current Science.

76)          MODLIN IM, Goldenring JR, Lawton GP, Hunt R. Aspects of the Theoretical

77)          Basis and Clinical Relevance of Low Acid States. Am J Gastro 1994;89(3):308-18.

78)          Begos DG, MODLIN IM. Editorial: Gastrin and Colon Cancer Clarifying the Controversy. J Clin Gastro 1994; 18(3):189-93.

79)          Leach SD, MODLIN IM, Goldstein L, Ballantyne GH. Laparoscopic Local Excision of a Proximal Rectal Carcinoid. J Laparoendosc Surg, Vol. 4 (1), 1994; 65-70.

80)          MODLIN IM, Lewis JL, Kumar RR, Bilchik AJ, Ahlman H. Management of unresectable malignant endocrine tumors of the pancreas. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1993; 176:507-518.

81)          Basson MD, Ahlman H, Wangberg B, MODLIN IM. Biology and management of the midgut carcinoid. Am J Surg 1993; 165:288-297.

82)          Hurst RD, MODLIN IM. The use of radiolabeled somatostatin analogs in the identification and treatment of somatostatin receptor bearing tumors. Digestion 1993; 54(suppl):88-91.

83)          MODLIN IM, Stoch SA, Soybel DI, Nilsson A, Ahlman H. Biological markers of neuroendocrine tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. Eur J Surg 1992; 157:629-645.

84)          Havlik RJ, Fried I, Chyatte D, MODLIN IM. Encephalo-Omental synangiosis in the management of moyamoya disease. Surgery 1992; 111(2):156-162.

85)          Yapp R, MODLIN IM, Kumar RR, Binder HJ, Dubrow R. Gastrin and colorectal cancer: evidence against an association. Dig Dis and Sci 1992; 37(4):481-484.

86)          MODLIN IM. Adaptation and renewal of the gastrointestinal surgeon to meet the continuous challenge of modern gastroenterology. Scand J Gastroenterol 1992; 27(Suppl 193):100-105.

87)          Haque S, MODLIN IM, West AB. Multiple Glomus Tumors of the Stomach With Intravascular Spread. Am J of Surg Pathol 16(3): 291-299, 1992.

88)          Leach SD, Gorelick FS, MODLIN IM. New perspectives on acute pancreatitis. Scand J Gastro 1992; 27(Suppl 192):29-38.

89)          Basson MD, MODLIN IM, Flynn SD. Gastric stromal tumors: current clinical and pathological perspectives. Surg, Gynecol and Obstet 1992; 175(5):477-89.

90)          Lewis J, Basson M, MODLIN IM. Surgical therapy in acute esophageal variceal hemorrhage. Dig Dis . Scarpignato C, MODLIN IM (Ed) Karger 1992; 10 (1):46-55.

91)          Scarpignato C, MODLIN IM (eds). The management of esophageal varices: In Digestive Dis Suppl. Karger 1992; 10(1):1-2.

92)          Soybel DI, MODLIN IM. Implications of sustained suppression of gastric acid secretion. Am J Surg 1992 June; 163(6):613-622.

93)          Ahlman H, Wangberg B, Nilsson O, Grimelius L, Granerus G, MODLIN IM, Stenovist O, Schersten T. Aspects on diagnosis and treatment of the foregut carcinoid syndrome. Scand J Gastro 1992; 27:459-471.

94)          Soybel DI, MODLIN IM. Sustained suppression of gastric secretion and the risk of neoplasia in the gastric mucosa. Am J Gastro 1991; 86(12):1713-1719.

95)          Ballantyne GH, Savoca PE, Flannery JT, Ahlman H, MODLIN IM. Incidence and mortality of carcinoids of the colon: Data from the Connecticut Tumor Resistery. Cancer 1992; 69(10):2400-2405.

96)          Hurst RD, MODLIN IM. Future prospects for somatostatin analogs. Cont Oncol 1991; 1(5):27-32.

97)          Berkowitz I, Marks IN, MODLIN IM. Case report. Low acid, high gastrin-a signal sequence for gastric endocrine neoplasia? Eur J Gastro & Hepat 1991; 3:198-91.

98)          Hurst RD, MODLIN IM. The therapeutic role of octreotide in the management of surgical disorders. Am J Surg 1991; 162(5):499-507.

99)          Armstrong DN, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Erythromycin for reflex ileus in Ogilvie's syndrome. Lancet 1991; 337:338.

100)        Ballantyne GH, Savoca PE, Flemming FX, Longo WE, MODLIN IM. Screening colonoscopy in asymptomatic patients. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 1990;33:14.

101)        Savoca PE, Ballantyne GH, Flannery JT, MODLIN IM. Mucinous rectal cancer in the state of Connecticut: 1982-1986. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 1990; 33:13.

102)        Ferrara A, Armstrong DN, Bjorck S, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM, McMillen MA. In-vitro immunosuppression by lidocaine: implications for the topical treatment of ulcerative colitis. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 1990; 33:34-35.

103)        Brophy CM, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Small bowel obstruction secondary to phytobezoar in the post gastrectomy patient. Contemp Surg 1990; 37:27-33.

104)        Vukasin AP, Ballantyne GH, Flannery JH, Lerner E, MODLIN IM. Increasing incidence of cecal and sigmoid carcinoma: data from the Connecticut tumor registry. Cancer 1990; 66(I1):2442-2449.

105)        Ferrara A, MacArthur JD, Wright HK, MODLIN IM, McMillen MA. Hypothermia and acidosis worsen coagulopathy in the massively transfused. Am J Surg 1990; 160(5):515-518.

106)        Reilly JM, Ballantyne GH, Zdon MJ, Zucker KA, MODLIN IM. Evlauation of the occult blood test in screening for colorectal neoplasms: a prospective study utilizing flexible endoscopy. Am Surgeon 1990; 56:119-123.

107)        Longo WE, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Colorectal disease in spinal cord patients: an occult diagnosis. Disease of the Colon & Rectum 1990; 33(2):131-134.

108)        Savoca PE, Longo WE, Zucker KA, McMillen MA, MODLIN IM. The increasing prevalence of acalculous cholecystitis in outpatients: Results of a 7-year study. Ann Surg 1990; 211(4):433-437.

109)        Leach S, Gorelick F, MODLIN IM. Acute Pancreatitis at Its Centenary: The Contribution of Reginald Fitz. Ann Surg 1990; 212(1):109-113.

110)        Tierney R, Ballantyne G, MODLIN IM. The Adenoma to Carcinoma Sequence. Surg Gynecol & Obstet 1990; 171(1):81-94.

111)        Bilchik A, Leach S, Zucker K, MODLIN IM. Experimental Models of Acute Pancreatitis. J Surg Research 1990; 48:639-647.

112)        Wong TY, Enriquez RE, MODLIN IM, Soldano L, Ouellette GS, Kapadia CR. Recurrent Hemorrhage from an invaginated Meckel's diverticulum in a 78-year-old man. Am J or Gastroenterology 1990; 85:2.

113)        Zucker ZA, Longo WE, MODLIN IM, Bilchik AJ, Adrian TE. Malignant diathesis from jejunal-ileal carcinoids. Am J Gastroenterol 1989; 84(2):182-186.

114)        Longo WE, Baker CB, McMillen MA, MODLIN IM, Degutis LC, Zucker KA. Nonoperative management of adult blunt splenic trauma: Criteria for successful outcome. Ann Surg 1989; 210(5):626-629.

115)        Longo WE, Zucker KA, Zdon MJ, MODLIN IM. Detection of early gastric cancer in an aggressive endoscopy unit. Am Surg 1989; 55 (2):100-104.

116)        Longo WE, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. The colon, anorectum and spinal cord patient. A review of the functional alterations of the denervated hindgut. Dis Col & Rect 1989; 32(3):261-267.

117)        Brophy CM, Morris J, Sussman J, MODLIN IM. "Pseudoascites" secondary to an amylase-producing serous ovarian cystadenoma. J Clin Gastroenterol 1989; 11(6):703-706.

118)        Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Postoperative follow-up for colorectal cancer: Who are we kidding? J Clin Gastro 1988; 10(4):359-364.

119)        Romano TJ, Graham SM, Chuong J, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM, Sussman J, West AB. Bleeding colonic ulcers secondary to atheromatous microemboli after left heart catheterization. J Clin Gastro 1988; 10(6):693-698.

120)        Longo WE, Ballantyne GH, Bilchik AJ, MODLIN IM. Advanced rectal cancer. What is the best palliation? Dis Colon Rectum 1988; 31(II):842-847.

121)        Longo WE, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Colonoscopic detection of early colorectal cancers: Impact of a surgical endoscopy service. Ann Surg 1988; 207: 174-178.

122)        Longo WE, Zucker KA, Zdon MJ, MODLIN IM. Gastric cancer in Connecticut: Outlook for improved survival. Conn Med 1988; 52:3-6.

123)        Rubin BG, Ballantyne GH, Zdon MJ, Zucker KA, MODLIN IM. The role of flexible sigmoidoscopy in the preoperative screening of patients with inguinal hernia. A high yield of neoplasms. Arch Surg 1987; 122:296-299.

124)        Letsou G, Ballantyne GH, Zdon MJ, Zucker KA, MODLIN IM. Screening for colorectal neoplasms: A comparison of the fecal occult blood test and endoscopic examination. Dis Colon Rectum 1987; 30:839-843.

125)        Cambria RP, Faust G, Gusberg R, Tilson MD, Zucker KA, MODLIN IM. Percutaneous angioplasty for peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Correlates of Clinical Success. Arch Surg 1987; 122:283-287.

126)        Longo WE, Zucker KA, Zdon MJ, Ballantyne GH, Cambria RP, MODLIN IM. Role of endoscopy in the diagnosis of early gastric cancer. Arch Surg 1987; 122: 292-295.

127)        Graham SM, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Gastric epithelioid leiomyomatous tumors: Review of the literature. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1987; 164:391-397.

128)        Graham SM, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Gastric epithelioid leiomyosarcoma: A curable gastric neoplasm. Am J Gastroenterol 1987; 82:82-85.

129)        Basson MD, MODLIN IM. Pepsinogen: Prolate ellipsoid or unrecognized pathogen? J Clin Gastroenterol 1987; 9(4): 75-479.

130)        Ballantyne GH, Graham S, Hammers L, MODLIN IM. Superior mesenteric artery syndrome following ileal “J”-pouch anal anastomosis: An iatrogenic cause of early postoperative obstruction. Dis Colon Rectum 1987; 30:472-474.

131)        Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Advances of endoscopic therapy for gastric diseases. Problems in Gen Surg 1987; 4: 223-238.

132)        Sumpio BE, Ballantyne GH, Zdon MJ, MODLIN IM. Perforated appendicitis and obstructing colonic carcinoma in the elderly. Dis Colon Rectum 1986; 29:668-670.

133)        Longo WE, Ballantyne GH, Gerald WL, MODLIN IM. Squamous cell carcinoma in situ in condyloma accuminatum. Dis Colon Rectum 1986; 29:503-506.

134)        Letsou G, Ballantyne GH, Zdon MJ, MODLIN IM. Rectal carcinoma in a renal transplant patient. Long term complication of immunosuppression? Dis Colon Rectum 1986; 29(2):133-135.

135)        Peterson JM, McCallum RW, Gartman D, MODLIN IM. The medical and surgical approach to gastroesophageal reflux. Pract Gastroenterol 1985.

136)        Letsou G, Ross P, Ballantyne GH, Zdon MJ, MODLIN IM. Flexible sigmoidoscopy versus stool guaiac as a screening test for lesions of the distal colon and rectum. Gastrointest Endosc 1985; 31(2):148.

137)        MODLIN IM, Brennan MF. The diagnosis and management of gastrinoma. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1984; 158(1):97-104.

138)        MODLIN IM, Jaffe BM, Sand A, Albert D. The early diagnosis of gastrinoma. Ann Surg 1982; 196(5): 512-517.

139)        MODLIN IM. Carcinoid syndrome. J Clin Gastroenterol 1980; 2(4):349-354.

140)        MODLIN IM. Endocrine tumors of the pancreas. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1979; 149(II):751-769.

141)        MODLIN IM, Lamers CBH. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type II (Sipple's Syndrome). S Afr Med J 1979; 56(13): 521-525.

142)        MODLIN IM, Lamers CBH. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type I (Wermer's Syndrome). S Afr Med J 1979; 56(12): 485-488.

143)        MODLIN IM, Farndon JR, Sheperd A, Johnston IDA, Kennedy TL, Montgomery DAD, Welbourn RB. Phaeochromocytomas in 72 patients: Clinical and diagnostic features, treatment and long term results. Br J Surg 1979 July; 66(7):456-465.

144)        MODLIN IM, Bloom SR, Mitchell S. VIP: the cause of the watery diarrhea syndrome. Adv Exp Med Biol 1978; (106):195-201.

145)        Maempel FZ, MODLIN IM,. Diagnosis and management of gastric carcinoid tumours with hepatic metastases. Br J Surg 1978; 65(7):516-520.

146)        Tarin D, Allison DJ, MODLIN IM, Neale G. Diagnosis and management of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. Br Med J 1978 Sep; 2: 751-755.

147)        MODLIN IM, Spencer J. Unilateral short thumb associated with bleeding duodenal reduplication. Br Med J 1978; 1(6110):412.

148)        MODLIN IM, Bloom SR. VIPomas and the watery diarrhoea syndrome. S Afr J Med 1978 Jul; 54(2):53-56.

149)        MODLIN IM, Bloom SR, Barnes A, Welbourn RB. Cure of intractable watery diarrhoea by excision of a vipoma. Br J Surg 1978; 65(4):234-236.

150)        Allison DJ, MODLIN IM, Jenkins WJ. Treatment of carcinoid liver metastases by hepatic-artery embolization. Lancet 1977 Dec; 2(8052-8053):1323-1325.

151)        MODLIN IM, Christofides N, Bloom SR. Plasma-motilin and carcinoid tumors. Lancet 1977, Nov; 2(8045):979.

152)        McCloy RF, MODLIN IM. Cimetidine, pH and the Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Lancet 1977; 2(8048):1131-1132.

153)        MODLIN IM, Bloom SR. Overdiagnosis of endocrine gut tumors. Lancet 1977 Jun; 1:1366.

Return to Publications Index

B. Research


1)             Kidd M, Siddique Z-L, Drozdov I, Gustafsson BI, Camp RL, Black JW, Boyce M, MODLIN IM. The CCK2 receptor antagonist, YF476, inhibits Mastomys ECL cell hyperplasia and gastric carcinoid tumor development. Regulatory Peptides 2010 (in press).

2)             Svejda B, Kidd M, Giovinazzo F, Eltawil K, Gustafsson BI, Pfragner R, MODLIN IM. The 5-HT2B receptor plays a key regulatory role in both neuroendocrine tumor cell proliferation and the modulation of the fibroblast component of the neoplastic microenvironment. Cancer (2010) (in press).

3)             Drozdov I, Kidd M, Gustafsson BI, Joseph R, Pfragner R, MODLIN IM. The Auto-regulatory Effect of Serotonin on the Proliferation and Associated Signaling Pathway of Lung and Small Intestine Neuroendocrine Cell Lines Cancer (2009) (in press).

4)             Kidd M, Hauso Ø, Drozdov I, Gustafsson BI, MODLIN IM. Delineation of the chemomechanosensory regulation of gastrin secretion using pure rodent G cells. Gastroenterology 2009 (e_Pub Jan 14).

5)             Drozdov I, Kidd M, Nadler B, Camp R, Mane M, Gustafsson BI, Hauso O, MODLIN IM. Predicting Enterochromaffin Cell Neoplasia Using Gene Expression Profiling and Supervised Machine Learning. Cancer 2009; 115:1638-50.

6)             MODLIN IM, Gustafsson BI, Drozdov I, Kidd M. Principal Component Analysis, Hierarchical Clustering, and Decision Tree Assessment of Plasma mRNA and Hormone Levels as an Early Detection Strategy for Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine (Carcinoid) Tumors. Annals Surgical Oncology (2008) (Dec 3_ePub).

7)             Kidd M, Gustafsson BI, Drozdov I, MODLIN IM. Serotonin secretion from Crohn’s disease EC cells is increased and mediated by IL1 and LPS through TOLL receptor 4 (TLR4) activation of NFκ. Neurogastroenterology & Motility (2008) (Oct 25_ePub).

8)             Siddique Z-L, Drozdov I, Floch J, Gustafsson BI, Stunes K, Pfragner R, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. KRJ-I and BON cell lines: defining an appropriate enterochromaffin cell neuroendocrine tumor model. Neuroendocrinology (2009) (e_Pub Mar 18).

9)             Kidd M, MODLIN IM, Gustafsson BI, Drozdov I, Hauso O. Luminal regulation of normal and neoplastic human EC cell serotonin release is mediated by bile salts, amines, tastants, and olfactants. Am J Physiol 2008; 295:G260-72.

10)          Kidd M, Drozdov I, Joseph R, Pfragner R, Culler M, MODLIN IM. Differential cytotoxicity of novel somatostatin and dopamine chimeric compounds on bronchopulmonary and small intestinal neuroendocrine tumor cell lines. 2008; 113:690-700.

11)          Bornschein J, Kidd M, Eick GN, Pfragner R, MODLIN IM. Systematic Cytotoxic Analysis of Common Chemotherapeutic Agents On Lung and Small intestinal Carcinoid Cell lines. J Cancer Molecules 2008; 4: 47-54.

12)          Kidd M, Schally AV, Pfragner R, Malfertheiner MV, MODLIN IM. Inhibition of Proliferation of Small Intestinal and Bronchopulmonary cell lines using analogues targeting receptors. Cancer 2008; 112:1404-14.

13)          Sachs G, Shin JM, Munson K, Vagin O, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. Molecular Mechanisms in Therapy of Acid Related Diseases. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 2008; 65:264-81.

14)          Kidd M, Nadler B, Mane SM, Eick GN, Champaneria MC, Pfragner R, MODLIN IM. GeneChip, geNorm and GI carcinoids: novel reference genes for real-time PCR. Physiological Genomics 2007; 30: 363-70.

15)          Kidd M, MODLIN IM, Pfragner R, Eick GN, Champaneria MC, Chan AO, Camp RL, Mane SM. Small bowel Carcinoid (EC cell) Neoplasia exhibits TGF b1-Mediated regulatory abnormalities including Up-regulation of C-Myc and MTA1 Cancer 2007; 109: 2420-31.

16)          Kidd M, MODLIN IM, Shapiro MD, Camp RL, Mane SM, Lye KD, Usinger W, Murren J. CTGF, intestinal stellate cells and carcinoid tumor fibrogenesis. World Journal of Gastroenterology 2007; 13:5208-16.

17)          Kidd M, MODLIN IM, Black JW, Boyce M, Culler M. Examination of novel gastrin, somatostatin and dopamine receptor compounds on gastric enterochromaffin-like cell function. Regulatory Peptides 2007; 143:109-17.

18)          Kidd M, MODLIN IM, Eick GN, Camp RL, Mane SM. The role of CCN2/CTGF in the proliferation of Mastomys ECL cells and gastric carcinoid development. Am J Physiol 2007 Jan;292(1):G191-200.

19)          Kidd M, Eick GN, Mane SM, Nadler B, Champaneria MC, Pfragner R, MODLIN IM. Further delineation of the continuous human neoplastic enterochromaffin cell line, KRJ-I, and the inhibitory effects of lanreotide and rapamycin. J Mol Endocrinol. 2007; 38:181-92.

20)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Pfragner R, Eick GN, Champaneria MC. The Functional Characterization of Normal and Neoplastic Human Enterochromaffin Cells. J Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 2006; 91:2340-8.

21)          Kidd M, MODLIN IM, Eick GN, Champaneria MC. Isolation, Functional Characterization and Transcriptome of Mastomys Ileal Enterochromaffin Cells. Am J Physiol 2006 Nov;291(5):G778-91.

22)          Kidd M, MODLIN IM, Shapiro MD, Camp RL, Mane SM, Lye KD, Usinger W, Murren J. CTGF, intestinal stellate cells and carcinoid tumor fibrogenesis. World J Gastro (2006) (in press).

23)          Kidd M, MODLIN IM, Mane SM, Camp RL, Latic I, Zikusoka MN. The utility of molecular genetic signatures in the delineation of gastric neoplasia. Cancer 2006; 106:1480-88.

24)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Latich I, Zikusoka MN, Eick G, Mane SM, Camp RL. Genetic differentiation of appendiceal carcinoid malignancy – a guide for the perplexed. Annals of Surgery 2006; 244:52-60.

25)          Kidd M, MODLIN IM, Mane SM, Camp RL, Shapiro MD. Q RT-PCR detection of Chromogranin A: A new standard in the identification of neuroendocrine tumor disease. Annals of Surgery 2006; 204: 273-80.

26)          Kidd M, MODLIN IM, Mane SM, Camp RL, Eick G, Latich I. The role of genetic markers, NAP1L1, MAGE-D2 and MTA1, in defining small intestinal carcinoid neoplasia. Annals of Surgical Oncology 2006; 13:253-62.

27)          Zikusoka MN, Kidd M, Eick G, Latich I, MODLIN IM. Molecular genetics of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Cancer 2005; 104:2292-309.

28)          Shen Z, Xu S, Dewhirst FE, Paster BJ, Pena JA, Kidd M, MODLIN IM, Fox JG. A Novel Enterohepatic Helicobacter sp. H. natalensis Isolated from the Liver and Intestine of Rodents. Helicobacter 2005; 10: 59-70.

29)          Kidd M, Eick G, Shapiro MD, Camp RL, Mane SM, MODLIN IM. Microsatellite instability and gene mutations in TGFbRII are absent in small bowel carcinoids. Cancer 2005, 103:229-36.

30)          Kidd M, Hinoue T, Eick G, Lye KD, Wei Y, Mane SM, MODLIN IM. Global gene expression analysis of enterochromaffin-like cells in the Mastomys gastric mucosa identifies alterations in the activator protein-1 pathway. Physiol Genomics 2004; 20:131-142.

31)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Lye KD, Wright NA. Gastric stem cells: an update. Keio J Med. 2003 Jun;52(2):134-7.

32)          Stalberg P, Granberg D, Carling T, Wilander E, Eriksson B, Gobl A, Akerstrom G, Rastad J, MODLIN IM, Oberg K, Skogseid B. In situ RNA-RNA hybridisation of phospholipase C beta 3 shows lack of expression in neuroendocrine tumours. Anticancer Res. 2003; 23(3B):2227-32.

33)          Saikawa Y, Kubota T, Otani Y, Kitajima M, MODLIN IM. Alteration of DNA methylation status induced by epidermal growth factor in gastric cancer cell line, MKN-74. Anticancer Res. 2003 Jan-Feb;23(1A):143-8.

34)          Modlin IM, Kidd M. Case study: Ranitidine/Loxtidine in “Predictive value of rodent forestomach and gastric neuroendocrine tumors in evaluating carcinogenic risk to humans”. IARC Technical Publication No. 39 (2003):167-176.

35)          Modlin IM, Kidd M. Praomys (Mastomys) natalensis as a model for gastric carcinoids in “Predictive value of rodent forestomach and gastric neuroendocrine tumors in evaluating carcinogenic risk to humans” IARC Technical Publication No. 39 (2003):109-119, 2003.

36)          Gumbs AA, Bassi C, Moore PS, Falconi M, Frigerio I, Baron A, Piemonti L, MODLIN IM, Scarpa A. Overexpression of the Sm-Like Proto-Oncogene in Primary and Metastatic Pancreatic Endocrine Tumors. JOP. J Pancreas (Online) 2002; 3:109-115.

37)          Young GO, Brown S, Stemmet N, Lastovica AJ, Louw JA, Marks IN, MODLIN IM, Kidd M. The pepsinogen releasing effect of Helicobacter pylori lipopolysaccharide. Helicobacter 2002 7:30-38.

38)          Lauffer JM, Tang LH, Zhang T, Hinoue T, Rahbar S, Odo M, MODLIN IM, Kidd M. PACAP mediates the neural proliferative pathway of Mastomys Enterochromaffin-like cell transformation. Regulatory Peptides 2001; 102:157-164.

39)          Saikawa Y, Kubota T, Otani Y, Kitajima M, MODLIN IM. Cyclin D1 antisense oligonucleotide inhibits cell growth stimulated by epidermal growth factor and induces apoptosis of gastric cancer cells. Jpn J Cancer Res 2001; 92:1102-1109.

40)          Peek RM, Wirth HP, Moss SF, Yang M, Abdalla AM, Tham KT, Zhang T, Tang LH, MODLIN IM, Blaser MJ. Helicobacter pylori alters gastric epithelial cell cycle events and gastrin secretion in Mongolian gerbils. Gastroenterol 2000; 118:48-59.

41)          Kidd M, Tang LH, MODLIN IM, Zhang T, Chin K, Holt PR, Moss S. Gastrin-Mediated Alterations in Gastric Epithelial Apoptosis and Proliferation in a Mastomys Rodent Model of Gastric Neoplasia. Digestion 2000:62:143-151.

42)          Kidd M, Tang LH, Schmid S, Lauffer J, Louw JA, MODLIN IM. Helicobacter pylori Lipopolysaccharide Alters ECL Cell DNA Synthesis via a CD 14 Receptor and Polyamine Pathway in Mastomys. Digestion 2000:62:217-224.

43)          Miu K, Sun L, Tang LH, MODLIN IM. Influence of Helicobacter pylori lipopolysaccharide on the function of enterochromaffin-like cells in vitro. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 1999; 38:670-672.

44)          Kolby L, Wangberg B, Ahlman H, MODLIN IM, Theodorsson E, Nilsson O. Altered influence of CCK-B/gastrin receptors on HDC expression in ECL cells after neoplastic transformation. Regul Pept 1999; 85:115-123.

45)          Lauffer JM, MODLIN IM, Tang LH. Biological relevance of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) in the gastrointestinal tract. Regul Pept 1999; 84:1-12.

46)          MODLIN IM, Tang LH. Cell and tumor biology of the gastric enterochromaffin-like cell. Ital J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1999; 31 Suppl 2:S117-30.

47)          Schmid SW, MODLIN IM, Tang LH, Stoch A, Rhee S, Nathanson MH, Scheele GA, Gorelick FS. Telenzipine-sensitive muscarinic receptors on rat pancreatic acinar cells. Am J Physiol 1998; 274:G734-G741

48)          MODLIN IM, Poulsom R. Trefoil peptides: mitogens, motogens or mirages? Clin Gastroenterol 1997; 25 Suppl 1:S94-100

49)          John KD, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Octreotide acetate inhibits motility in the rabbit distal colon. Eur Sur Res 1997; 29:311-8

50)          Kidd M, Miu K, Tang LH, Perez-Perez GI, Blaser MJ, Sandor A, MODLIN IM. Helicobacter pylori lipopolysaccharide stimulates histamine release and DNA synthesis in rat enterochromaffin-like cells. Gastroenterology 1997; 113:1110-7

51)          Tang LH, Luque EA, Efstathiou JA, Bortecen KH, Kidd M, Tarasova NI, MODLIN IM. Gastrin receptor expression and function during rapid transformation of the enterochromaffin-like cells in an African rodent. Regul Pept. 1997; 72:9-18

52)          Tsunoda Y, MODLIN IM. Signal Transduction machinery of the Parietal Cell Secretory System. Biomedical Research 1997, 17: 403-428

53)          Kolby L, Wangberg B, Ahlman H, MODLIN IM, Granerus G, Theodorsson E, Nilsson O. Histidine decarboxylase expression and histamine metabolism in gastric oxyntic mucosa during hypergastrinemia and carcinoid formation. Endocrinology 1996; 137: 4435-42

54)          Wangberg B, Nilsson O, Theodorsson E, MOLDIN IM, Dahlstrom A, Ahlman H. The effect of vagotomy on enterochromaffin-like cells in the mastomys natalensis. J. Autonomic Nervous System 1996; 59:133-9

55)          MODLIN IM, Zhu ZH, Tang LH, Kidd M, Lawton GP, Miu K, Powers RE, Goldenring JR, Pasikhov D, Soroka CJ. Evidence for a Regulatory Role for Histamine in Gastric Enterochromaffin-Like Cell Proliferation Induced by Hypergastrinemia. Digestion 1996, 57: 310-321

56)          Borin JF, Tang LH, Kidd M, Kiu K, Bortecen KH, Sandor A, MODLIN IM. Somatostatin receptor regulation of gastric enterochromaffin-like cell transformation to gastric carcinoid. Surgery 1996, 120: 1026-32

57)          Tang LH, MODLIN IM, Lawton GP, Kidd M, Chinery R. The Role of TGFa in the Enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell Tumour Autonomy in an African Rodent Mastomys. Gastroenterol 1996, 111: 1212-1223

58)          MODLIN IM, Tang LH. The Enterochromaffin-like cell: An Enigmatic Cellular Lesion (ECL). Gastroenterol 1996, 111: 783-810

59)          Kidd M, Tang LH, Miu K, Lawton GP, Sandor A, MODLIN IM. Autoregulation of Enterochromaffin-like cell Histamine secretion via the Histamine 3 receptor subtype. Yale J Biol Med 1996, 69: 9-19.

60)          Tang LH, MODLIN IM. Somatostatin Receptor Regulation of Gastric Carcinoid Tumors. Digestion 1996, 57 (Suppl 1): 11-14.

61)          Goldenring JR, Ray GS, Soroka CJ, Smith J, MODLIN IM, Meise K, Coffey RJ. Over-Expression of Transforming Growth Factor- a Alters the Differentiation of Gastric Cell Lineages. Dig Dis Sci 1996, 41 (4): 773-784.

62)          Longley BJ, Tyrrell L, Lu SZ, Ma Y-S, Langley K, Ding T-G, Duffy T, Jacobs P and MODLIN IM. Somatic c-KIT Activating Mutation in Uticaria Pigmentosa and Aggressive Mastocytosis; Establishement of Clonality in a Human Mast Cell Neoplasm. Nature Genetics 1996; 12 (3):312-314.

63)          MODLIN IM, Lawton GP, Miu K, Kidd M, Luque EA, Sandor A, Tang LH. Pathophysiology of the fundic enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell and gastric carcinoid tumours. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 1996; 78: 133-138.

64)          Sandor A, Kidd M, Lawton GP, Miu K, Tang LH, MODLIN IM. Neurohormonal Modulation of Rat Enterochromaffin-like Cell Histamine Secretion. Gastroenterology, 1996; 110:1084-1092.

65)          Tang LH, Goldenring JR, Caufield T, MODLIN IM. A Novel Serine Kinase Activity Associated with Exocrine Secretory Granule Membranes. Am J Physiol 1995; 269: G481-489.

66)          Geibel J, Abraham R, MODLIN IM, Sachs G. Gastrin Stimulation of Changes in Intracellular Ca2+ in Parietal Cells Depends on Levels of cAMP. Gastroenterology, 1995; 109:1060-1067.

67)          Powers RE, Lawton GP, MODLIN IM. Genotoxicity, Carcinogenicity and Acid-Suppressing Medications. Pharmac. Ther. Vol. 65, pp. 303-317, 1995.

68)          Delle Fave G, Helander H, Holt S, MODLIN IM, Powers R, Solcia E, Soll A, Tielemans, Wright NA. Acid Suppression and Gastric Mucosal Cell Biology. Dig Dis Sci 1995; Vol. 40 (2):121S-131S.

69)          Wängberg B, Nilsson O, Theodorsson E, MODLIN IM, Dalhström A, Ahlman H. Are Enterochromaffin Like Cell Tumours Reversible? An Experimental Study on Gastric Carcinoids Induced in Mastomys by Histamine 2-Receptor Blockade. J Regul Pept 1995; 56, 19-33.

70)          Quin JA, Sgambati SA, Goldenring JR, Basson MD, Fielding LP, MODLIN IM, Ballantyne GH. PYY Inhibition of VIP-Stimulated Ion Transport in the Rabbit Distal Ileum. J Surg Res 1995; 58, 111-115.

71)          Lawton GP, Tang LH, Miu K, Gilligan CJ, Absood A, MODLIN IM. Adrenergic and cromolyn sodium modulation of ECL cell histamine secretion. J Surg       Res 1995; 58, 96-104.

72)          Delle Fave G, Helander H, Holt S, MODLIN IM, Powers R, Solcia E, Soll A, Tielemans, Wright NA. Acid Suppression and Gastric Mucosal Cell Biology. Dig Dis Sci 1994 39 (9):1843-1852.

73)          MODLIN IM, Lawton GP, Tang LH, Geibel J, Abraham, R, Darr U. The Mastomys Gastric Carcinoid: Aspects of ECL Cell Function. Digestion 1994; 55 (suppl 3):31-37.

74)          MODLIN IM, Geibel J, Tang LH, Goldenring J. Characterization of Parietal Cell Confocal Microscopy. In: Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of H+ Transport. Ed. B Hirst. Nato ASI Series H: Cell Biology Vol. 89: 329-340. Springer Verlag 1994.

75)          Boron WF, Waisbren SJ, MODLIN IM, Geibel JP. Unique Permeability Barrier of the Apical Surface of Parietal and Chief Cells in Isolated Perfused Gastric Glands. J Exp Biol 1994; 196 247-360.

76)          Goldenring JR, Soroka CJ, Shen KR, Tang LH, Rodriguez W, Vaughn HD, Stoch SA, MODLIN IM. Enrichment of rab11, a small GTP-binding protein, in gastric parietal cells. Am J Physiol 267 (Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 30):G187-G194; 1994.

77)          Basson MD, Beidler DR, Turowski G, Zarif A, MODLIN IM, Jena BP, Madri JA. Effect of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibition on Basal and Epidermal Growth Factor-Stimulated Human Caco-2 Enterocyte Sheet Migration and Proliferation. J Cell Physiol 160:491-501; 1994.

78)          MODLIN, IM, Kumar RR, Soroka CJ, Ahlman H, Nilsson O. Goldenring JR. Histamine as an Intermediate Growth Factor in Genesis of Gastric ECLomas Associated with Hypergastrinemia in Mastomys. Dig Dis Sci,1994; 39: (7):1446-1453.

79)          Waisbren SJ, Geibel J, Boron WF, MODLIN IM. Luminal perfusion of isolated gastric glands. Am J Physiol 266 (Cell Physiol.35): C1013-C1027, 1994.

80)          Waisbren S, Geibel J, MODLIN IM, Boron W. Unusual Permeability Properties of Gastric Gland Cells. Nature 1994; 368(6469):332-335.

81)          Frankel WL, Zhang W, Singh A, Klurfeld DM, Don S, Sakata T, MODLIN IM, Rombeau JL. Mediation of the Trophic Effects of Short-Chain Fatty Acids on the Rat Jejunum and Colon. Gastro 1994;106:375-380.

82)          Ballantyne GH, Goldenring JR, Fleming FX, Rush S, Flint JS, Fielding LP, Binder HJ and MODLIN IM. Inhibition of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-stimulated ion transport by a novel Y-receptor phenotype in the rabbit distal colon. Am J Physiol, 1993; 264:G848-854.

83)          Tsunoda Y, MODLIN IM, Tyrosine kinase activities in the modulation of stimulated parietal cell secretion. Am J Physiol, 1993; 264:G351-G356.

84)          Chough SP, Goldenring JR, Hurst RD, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Calcium Modulation of the Effects of Serotonin, Carbachol and Histamine on Rabbit Ileal Ion Transport. Yale J Biol Med; (66) 1993 pp. 1-16.

85)          Basson MD, MODLIN IM, Turowski G, Madri JA. Enterocyte-matrix interactions in the healing of mucosal injury. Eur J Gastroenterol & Hepatology 1993, 5 (suppl 3):S21-S28.

86)          MODLIN IM, Basson MD, Soroka CJ, Wright NA, Poulsom R, Chinnery R, Hanby A, Patel K, Rogers L, Alison M. Ulcer-induced alterations in cell phenotype and matrix and growth factor expression. European Jo of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 1993, 5 (suppl 3):S59-S67.

87)          Tang LH, Miller MD, Goldenring JR, MODLIN IM, Hersey SJ. Partial agonism by gastrin for a cholecystokinin receptor mediating pepsinogen secretion. Am J Physiol. 265 (Gastrointest. Liver Physio. 28): G865-G872, 1993.

88)          MODLIN IM, Tang LH, Lawton GP, Darr UM, Zhu Z, Soroka CJ. Enterochromaffin-like Cell Pathobiology of Mastomys. Conference on Molecular and Cell Biological Aspects of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Disease. Ann NY Acad Sci, 1994; 733:365-381.

89)          Goldenring JR, Shen RK, Vaughan JD, MODLIN IM. Identification of a Small GTP-binding Protein, Rab25, Expressed in the Gastrointestinal Mucosa, Kidney, and Lung. J Biological Chem l993; 268:18419-18422.

90)          Adrian TE, Ballantyne GH, Longo We, Graham S, Basson MD, Tierney RP, MODLIN IM. Deoxycholate is a major releaser of peptide YY and enteroglucagon from the human colon. Gut 1993;34:1219-1224.

91)          Ballantyne GH, Goldenring JR, Savoca PE, Kranz HK, Adrian TE, Bilchik AJ, MODLIN IM. Cyclic AMP-medicated release of peptide YY (PYY) from the isolated perfused rabbit distal colon.  Regulatory Peptides; 47 (1993) : 117-122.

92)          MODLIN IM, Tang LH. A new look at an old hormone - gastrin. Elsevier Science Publishing. TEM 1993; 4:2.

93)          Nilsson B, Wängberg L, Johansson E, Theodorsson E, Dahlstrom A, MODLIN IM, Ahlman H. Development of gastric carcinoids in mastomys during histamine2-receptor blockade. Agents Actions 38, Special Conference Issue 1993.

94)          Nilsson O, Wangberg B, Johansson L, Theodorsson E, Dahlstrom A, MODLIN IM, Ahlman H. Rapid induction of enterochromaffinlike cell tumors by Histamine2 receptor blockade. Am J Pathol 1993; 142:1173-1185.

95)          Leach SD, Bilchik AJ, Karapetian O, Gorelick FS, MODLIN IM. Influence of Chloroquine on diet-induced pancreatitis. Pancreas 1993; 8(1):64-69.

96)          Characterization of membrane and cytoskeletal compartments in cultured parietal cells: Immunofluorescence and confocal microscopic examination. Eur J Cell Biol 1993; Feb.

97)          Young GO, Stemmet N, Lastovica A, van der Merwe EL, Louw JA, MODLIN IM. Helicobacter pylori lipopolysaccharide stimulates gastric mucosal pepsinogen secretion. Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther. (1992) 6:169-177.

98)          Tsunoda Y, Funasaka M, MODLIN IM, Hidaka H, Fox L, Goldenring J. An inhibitor of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, KN-62, inhibits cholingergic-stimulated parietal cell secretion. Am J Physiol 1992; 262(25):G118-G122.

99)          Goldenring JR, Asher VA, Barreuther MF, Lewis JJ, Lohmann SM, Walter U, MODLIN IM. Dephosphorylation of cAMP-dependant protein kinase regulatory subunit in stimulated parietal cells. Am J Physiol 1992; 25(4):G763-G773.

100)        Armstrong DN, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Erythromycin stimulates ileal motility by activation of dihydropyridine-sensitive calcium channels. J Surg Research 1992; 52:140-146.

101)        Goldenring JR, Tsunoda Y, Stoch SA, Coffey RJ, MODLIN IM. Transforming growth factor-alpha (TGFa) inhibition of parietal cell secretion: structural requirements for activity. Reg Pep 1992; 43(1-2):37-47.

102)        Funasaka M, Fox LM, Tang LH, MODLIN IM, Goldenring J. the major calmodulin-binding protein in rabbit parietal cells is CA2+/Calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II. Biochem Internat 1992; 27(6):1101-1109.

103)        Frankel W, Zhang W, Singh A, Klurfeld D, Sakata T, MODLIN IM, Rombeau J. Stimulation of the autonomic nervous system (ans) mediates short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) - induced jejunal trophism. Surg Forum 1992; 43:24-25.

104)        Tang LH, Stoch SA, MODLIN IM, Goldenring JR. Identification of rab2 as a         tubulovesicle-membrane associated protein in rabbit parietal cells. Biochem J 1992;   285:715-719.

105)        Basson MD, MODLIN IM, Madri JA. Human enterocyte (Caco-2) migration is modulated in vitro by extracellular matrix composition and epidermal growth factor. J Clin Invest 1992; 90(1):15-23.

106)        MODLIN IM, Kumar R, Nangia A, Soroka CJ, Pasikhov D, Goldenring JR. Gastrin-dependent inhibitory effects of octreotide on the genesis of gastric ECLomas. Surgery 1992; 112(6):1048-1058.

107)        Dempsey PJ, Goldenring JR, Soroka CJ, MODLIN IM, McClure RW, Lind CD, Ahlquist DA, Pittelkow MR, Lee DC, Sandgren EP, Page DL, Coffey RJ. Possible role of transforming growth factor a in the pathogenesis of Ménétrier's Disease: Supportive Evidence from Humans and Transgenic Mice. Gastroenterology 1992;103(6):1950-1963.

108)        Reubi JC, Waser B, Horisberger U, Halter F, Soroka CJ, Kumar RR, Goldenring JR, MODLIN IM. Identification of somatostatin and gastrin receptors on enterochromaffin-like cells from Mastomys gastric tumors. Endocrinology 1992; 131(1):166-172.

109)        Grady T, Saluja AK, Steer ML, Lerch MM, MODLIN IM, Powers RE. In vivo and in vitro effects of the AZT analogue dideoxyinosine (ddI) on the exocrine pancreas of the rat. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1992; 262(1):445-449.

110)        MODLIN, IM, Nangia AK. The Pathobiology of the Human Enterochromaffin-Like Cell. Yale J Biol and Med 1992; 65(6):775-792.

111)        Goldenring JR, Tang LH, MODLIN IM. Small GTP-Binding Proteins in Parietal Cells: Candidate Modulators of Parietal Cell Membrane Dynamics. Yale J Biol and Med 1992; 65(6):597-605.

112)        Gorelick FS, MODLIN IM, Leach SD, Carangelo R, Katz M. Intracellular Proteolysis of Pancreatic Zymogens. Yale J Biol and Med 1992; 65(5):407-420.

113)        Vukasin AP, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM, Nilsson O, Bilchik AJ, Pernikoff BJ, Blair RM, Adrian TE. Plasma and tissue alterations of peptide YY and enteroglucagon in rats after colectomy. Yale J Biol and Med 1992; 65(1):1-15.

114)        Basson MD, MODLIN IM, Flynn SD, Jena BP, Madri JA. Independent modulation of enterocyte migration and proliferation by growth factors, matrix proteins and pharmacologic agents in an in vitro model of mucosal healing. Surgery 1992; 112(2):299-308.

115)        Basson MD, Goldenring JR, Tang LH, Lewis JJ, Padfield P, Jamieson J, MODLIN IM. Redistribution of 23 kDa tubulovesicle-associated GTP-binding proteins during parietal cell stimulation. Biochem J 1991; 279:43-48.

116)        Leach SE, MODLIN IM, Scheele GA, Gorelick F. Intracellular activation of digestive zymogens in rat pancreatic acini: Stimulation by high doses of CCK. J Clin Invest 1991; 87(1):362-366.

117)        Longo WE, Ballantyne GH, Savoca PE, Adrian TE, Bilchik AJ, MODLIN IM. Short Chain fatty acid release of peptide YY in the isolated rabbit colon. Scand J Gastro 1991; 26:442-448.

118)        Armstrong DA, Ballantyne GH, Adrian TE, Bilchik AJ, McMillen MA, MODLIN IM. Adaptive increase in Peptide YY and enteroglucagon after proctocolectomy and pelvic ileal reservoic construction. Dis Col and Rectum 1991; 34(2):119-125.

119)        MODLIN IM, Esterline W, Kim H, Goldenring JR. Enterochromaffin-like cells and gastric argyophil carcinoidosis. Acta Oncologica 1991; 30:493-498.

120)        Nilsson O, Bilchik AJ, Goldenring JR, Ballantyne GH, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Distribution and immunocytochemical colocalization of peptide YY and enteroglucagon in endocrine cells of the rabbit colon. Endrocrinology 1991;             129(1):139-148.

121)        Armstrong DN, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Peptide YY (PYY) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) reverse VIP inhibition of motility in isolated perfused rabbit ileum. Surgical Forum 1991; 42.

122)        Neville R, Fielding LP, Cambria RP, MODLIN IM. Vascular responsiveness in obstructed gut. Dis Colon & Rectum Mar 1991; 34:229-235.

123)        Savoca PE, Ballantyne GH, Bilchik AJ, MODLIN IM. Evidence for cholingergic regulation of deoxycholate stimulated PYY release in man. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 1990; 33:31.

124)        Flint SF, Ballantyne GH, Goldenring JR, Fielding LP, MODLIN IM. Neuropeptide Y inhibition of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-stimulated ion transport in the rabbit distal colon. Arch of Surgery 1990; 33:34-35.

125)        Flint SF, Ballantyne GH, Goldenring JR, Fielding LP, MODLIN IM. Peptide YY (PYY) inhibits VIP stimulated ion transport in the distal colon by increasing phosphodiesterase activity. Surg Forum 1990; 41:191-193.

126)        MODLIN IM, Basson MD, Adrian TE, Sussman J. Pepsinogen release and acid secretion from human and guinea pig gastric mucosa compromised by hypoxia, endotoxin or critical illness. Scand J Gastro 1990; 25(9):861-875.

127)        Ferrara AF, McMillen MA, Schaefer HC, Goldenring JR, Zucker KA, MODLIN IM. Effect of cholecystokinin receptor blockade on human lymphocyte to proliferation. J Surg Res 1990; 48:354-357.

128)        Basson MD, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Effects of cholecystokinin and cholingergic receptor blockade on guinea pig pepsinogen secretion. Scand J Gastro 1990; 25:825-833.

129)        MODLIN IM, Bilchik AJ, Nilsson O, Goldenring JR. Enterochromaffin-like cell tumor induction in mastomys by insurmountable H2-receptor blockade. Research & Clin Forums 1990; 12:59-73.

130)        Lewis J, Goldenring J, Asher V, MODLIN IM. The effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on signal transduction in rabbit parietal cells. Am J Physio 1990; 258(3 part 1):G476-G483.

131)        Lewis J, Goldenring J, MODLIN IM, Coffey R. Inhibition of parietal cell H+ secretion by transforming growth factor alpha: A possible autocrine regulatory mechanism. Surgery 1990; 108(2):220-227.

132)        McMillen M, Ferrara A, Schaeffer H, Goldenring J, Zucker K, MODLIN IM. Cholecystokinin Mediates a Calcium Signal in Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells and Is a Co-mitogen: In Neuropeptides and Immunopeptides: Messengers in a Neuroimmune Axis: In Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. M.Sue O'Dorisio and Alberto Panerai (eds), New York Academy of Sciences, New York 1990; 594:399-402.

133)        Nilsson O, Bilchik AJ, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Intra-Ocular Transplantation of Carcinoid Tumours from Mastomys and Humans. J Path 1990; 160:347-354.

134)        Bilchik AJ, Zucker KA, Adrian TE, Sussman J, MODLIN IM. Effects of a specific cholecystokinin receptor antagonist in a traumatic model of pancreatitis. Surg Res Comm 1990; 8(1):47 - 57.

135)        Bilchik AJ, Nilsson O, MODLIN IM, Zucker KA, Adrian TE. Significance of gastric endocrine tumor and age-related gut peptide alterations in Mastomys. Reg Pep 1990; 27 (2):195 - 207.

136)        Bilchik AJ, Zucker KA, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Amelioration of cholinergic-induced pancreatitis with a selective cholecystokinin receptor antagonist. Arch Surg Dec 1990; 125:1546-1549.

137)        Savoca PE, Ballantyne GH, Bilchik AJ, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. cAMP mediated release of PYY from the isolated perfused colon: evidence for negative feedback modulation of colonic secretion. Surgical Forum 1989; 40:177-180.

138)        Ballantyne GH, Longo WE, Savoca PE, Adrian TE, Vukasin AP, Bilchik AJ, Sussman J, MODLIN IM. Deoxycholate-stimulated release of peptide YY from the isolated perfused rabbit left colon. Am J Physiol 1989; 257(5 pt 1): G715-G724.

139)        Fleming FX, Ballantyne GH, Goldenring JP, Fielding LP, MODLIN IM. Paracrine modulation of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) stimulated ion transport by peptide YY in the rabbit distal colon. Surgical Forum 1989; 40:184-186.

140)        Bean AJ, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM, Roth RH. Dopamine and neurotensin storage in colocalized and non-colocalized neuronal populations. J Pharm & Exp Ther 1989; 249(3):681-687.

141)        Adrian TE, Goldenring JR, Oddsdottir M, Zdon MJ, Zucker KA, Lewis JJ, MODLIN IM. A micro-method for the assay of cellular secretory physiology: Application to rabbit parietal cells. Anal Biochem 1989; 182(2):346-352.

142)        Zdon MJ, Lewis JJ, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Decreased parietal cell secretory capacity following vagotomy and pyloroplasty. J Surg Res 1989; (46):490-495.

143)        Zucker KA, Bilchik AJ, MODLIN IM, Adrian TE. Prostaglandin E analogue inhibition of pancreatic enzyme secretion. Pancreas 1989; 4 (6):708-714.

144)        Zdon MJ, Lewis JJ, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Hypergastrinemia after vagotomy is not associated with decreased gastric somatostatin. Surgery 1989; 106:1074-80.

145)        Bilchik AJ, Nilsson O, MODLIN IM, Sussman J, Zucker KA, Adrian TE. H2-receptor blockade induces peptide YY and enteroglucagon-secreting gastric carcinoids in mastomys. Surgery 1989; 106:1119-27.

146)        Zucker KA, Adrian TE, Bilchik AJ, MODLIN IM. Effects of the CCK receptor antagonist L364,718 on pancreatic growth in adult and developing animals. Am J Physiol 1989; 257(4 pt 1):G511-G516.

147)        MODLIN IM, Bilchik AJ, Zucker KA, Adrian TE, Sussman J, Graham SM. Cholecystokinin augmentation of 'surgical' pancreatitis. Benefits of receptor blockade. Arch Surg 1989; 124(5):574-578.

148)        Lewis JJ, Goldenring JR, Asher VA, MODLIN IM. Pancreastatin: A novel peptide inhibitor of parietal cell signal transduction. Biochem Biophys Res Comm 1989; 163(2):667-673.

149)        McMillen MA, Schaefer HC, MacArthur JD, Adrian TA, MODLIN IM. Cyclosporine inhibits protein kinase C-dependent signals in human peripheral blood lymphocytes. J Surg Res 1989; 46:292-295.

150)        Adrian TE, Zucker KA, Bilchik AJ, MODLIN IM. Time course of CCK stimulated acinar secretion and its inhibition by L364718; monitored using a novel micro-method. Internat J Pancreat 1989.

151)        Ballantyne GH, Zdon MJ, Zucker KA, MODLIN IM. cAMP and calcium mediated modulation of intrinsic factor secretion in isolated rabbit gastric glands. J Surg Res 1989; 46:241-245.

152)        Basson MD, Fielding L, Bilchik AJ, Zucker KA, Ballantyne GH, Sussman J, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Does vasoactive intestinal polypeptide mediate the pathophysiology of bowel obstruction? Am J Surg 1989; 157(1):109-115.

153)        Longo WE, Ballantyne GH, Vukasin AP, Bilchik AJ, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Differential release of pepride YY from colonic cells: A unique, specific, and nonneural mediated mechanism. Surg Forum 1988; 39:182-183.

154)        Zucker KA, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Current Research Review. Cholecystokinin receptor antagonists. J Surg Res 1988; 45:496-504.

155)        Zucker KA, Adrian TE, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Prostaglandin E analogue inhibition of intrinsic factor release. Scand J Gastro 1988; 650-654.

156)        Lewis JJ, Zdon MJ, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Pancreastatin: A novel peptide inhibitor of parietal cell secretion. Surgery 1988; 104:1031-1036.

157)        Oddsdottir M, Goldenring JR, Adrian TE, Zdon MJ, Zucker KA, MODLIN IM. Identification and characterization of a cytosolic 30 kDa histamine stimulated phosphoprotein in parietal cell cytosol. Biochem Biophys Res Comm 1988; 154(2): 489-496.

158)        Basson MD, Sussman J, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Association of massive pepsin release with "stress" gastritis. Surg Forum 1988; 39:125-127.

159)        Basson MD, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Dissociation of pepsinogen and acid secretion in the guinea pig. Gastroenterology 1988; 95(2):321-326.

160)        Rackoff PJ, Zdon MJ, Tyshkov M, MODLIN IM. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) inhibits both intrinsic factor secretion and acid secretion in histamine-stimulated isolated gastric glands. Reg Pep 1988; 21: 279-287.

161)        MODLIN IM, Zucker KA, Zdon MJ, Sussman J, Adrian TE. Characteristics of the spontaneous gastric endocrine tumor of Mastomys. J Surg Res 1988; 44:205-215.

162)        Adrian TE, Ballantyne GH, Zucker KA, Zdon MJ, Tierney R, MODLIN IM. Lack of peptide YY immunoreactivity in adenomatous colonic polyps: evidence in favor of an adenoma-carcinoma sequence. J Surg Res 1988; 44:561-565.

163)        Basson MD, Zucker KA, Adrian TE, Zdon MJ, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Pepsin release by prostaglandin E1 analogue: A potential therapeutic problem. Arch Surg 1988; 123(4): 431-433.

164)        Ballantyne GH, Esterline WJ, Zdon MJ, Zucker KA, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Histamine stimulated acid secretion in the isolated perfused porcine stomach: An in vitro model of acid secretion. Surg Res Comm 1988; 3:199-206.

165)        Basson MD, MODLIN IM. Current Research Review: Pepsinogen: Biological and pathophysiologic significance. J Surg Res 1988; 44: 82-97.

166)        Goldenring JR, Oddsdottir M, MODLIN IM. A novel protein kinase activity in rabbit gastric gland cytosol. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1987; 142: 559-566.

167)        MODLIN IM, Schafer DE, Ballantyne GH, Fratesi GR, Tyshkov M, Zdon MJ. Isolated gastric glands in the study of gastric secretory relationships. Surg Res Comm 1987; 1(2):81-96.

168)        Zucker KA, Zdon MJ, Adrian TE, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Prostaglandin inhibition of acid is cAMP dependent. J Surg Res 1987; 42:513-520.

169)        Zucker KA, Adrian TE, Sussman JE, MODLIN IM. New potent cholecystokinin antagonists block cerulein-induced pancreatitis. Surg Forum 1987; 38:142-144.

170)        Zucker KA, Adrian TE, Zdon MJ, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Asperlicin: A unique non-peptide cholecystokinin antagonist. Surgery 1987; 102(2):163-170.

171)        Zdon MJ, MODLIN IM, Ballantyne GH, Zucker KA, Rackoff P. Proton pump inhibition as evidence for separate intracellular mechanisms of acid and intrinsic factor secretions. Surg Res Commun 1987; 1(4):293-302.

172)        Zdon MJ, Zucker KA, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Somatostatin analogue inhibition of isolated parietal cell secretion. Surgery 1987; 102:967-973.

173)        Oddsdottir M, MODLIN IM, Zucker KA, Zdon MJ, Goldenring JR. A Calmodulin-dependent kinase in parietal cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1987; 148:1390-1397.

174)        MODLIN IM, Oddsdottir M, Adrian TE, Zdon MJ, Zucker KA, Goldenring JR. A specific histamine-stimulated phosphoprotein in isolated parietal cells. J Surg Res 1987; 42:348-353.

175)        Cambria RP, Neville R, Ballantyne GH, Zdon MJ, Zucker KA, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Somatostatin and analogs lack splanchnic vasoconstrictive effects in anesthetized pigs. J Surg Res 1987; 43:452-459.

176)        Basson MD, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Physiologic significance of cholecystokinin in mammalian pepsinogen secretion. Surg Forum 1987; 38:116-118.

177)        Oddsdottir M, Ballantyne GH, Adrian TE, Zdon MJ, Zucker KA, MODLIN IM. Somatostatin inhibition of intrinsic factor secretion from isolated guinea pig gastric glands. Scand J Gastroenterol 1987; 22:233-238.

178)        Ballantyne GH, Zdon MJ, Schafer DE, Fratesi GR, Roberts JR, Tyshkov M, MODLIN IM. Evidence for dual modulation of pepsinogen secretion using Isoproterenol, Carbachol, CCK-8, Forskolin, 8 Bromo-cAMP, and A23187 probes. Ann Surg 1986, 204(5):559-565.

179)        Goldenring JR, MODLIN IM, Tyshkov M, Zdon MJ, Schafer DE, Ballantyne GH. A manganese-dependent protein kinase in gastric gland cytosol. Surgery 1986; 100(2):181-187.

180)        Oddsdottir M, Goldenring JR, Tyshkov M, Zucker KA, Zdon MJ, MODLIN IM. Characterization of a parietal cell cytosolic calmodulin-dependent kinase system. Surg Forum 1986; 37:177-179.

181)        Ballantyne GH, Zdon MJ, Zucker KA, Tyshkov M, Fratesi GR, Schafer DE, MODLIN IM. Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) augments cholecystokinin-8- (CCK-8) stimulated pepsinogen secretion: Evidence for dual modulation of chief cell function. J Surg Res 1986; 40(6):617-623.

182)        MODLIN IM, Fratesi GR, Schafer DE, Zdon MJ, Ballantyne GH, Tyshkov M. Paradoxical effect of trifluoperazine, a calmodulin antagonist, on pepsinogen secretion. J Surg Res 1986; 40(6):624-631.

183)        Zdon MJ, Ballantyne GH, Schafer DE, Tyshkov M, Cambria RP, MODLIN IM. Proton Pump Inhibition - The Ultimate Control of Acid Secretion? J Surg Res 1986; 40:353-361.

184)        Zdon MJ, Ballantyne GH, Schafer DE, Tyshkov M, Cambria RP, MODLIN IM. Evidence for non-gastrin mediated somatostatin inhibition of parietal cell function. Surgery 1986; 100(6):954-961.

185)        MODLIN IM, Schafer DE, Tyshkov M, Ballantyne GH, Fratesi GR, Roberts JR, Zdon MJ. Forskolin-dependent (cyclic adenosine monophosphate) protein phosphorylation in isolated gastric glands. Arch Surg 1986; 121(3):330-337.

186)        Fratesi GR, Zdon MJ, Ballantyne GH, Schafer DE, Roberts JR, Tyshkov M, MODLIN IM. Isolated gastric glands: An in-vitro model of gastric secretion. Curr Surg 1986; 43(3):205-207.

187)        Ballantyne GH, Zdon MJ, Schafer DE, Fratesi GR, Roberts JR, Tyshkov M, MODLIN IM. Evidence for dual modulation of pepsinogen secretion using isoproterenol, carbachol, CCK-8, Forskolin, 8 Bromo-cAMP and A23187 probes. Ann Surg 1986; 204(5):559-565.

188)        Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM, Zdon MJ, Tyshkov M, Fratesi GR, Schafer DE. Intracellular modulation of parietal cell macromolecular secretion. Surg Forum 1985; 36:128-130.

189)        Zdon MJ, Ballantyne GH, Schafer DE, Fratesi GR, Roberts JR, Tyshkov M, MODLIN IM. The effects of cholecystokinin on parietal cell secretion in isolated gastric glands. Surgery 1985; 98(6):1038-1044.

190)        MODLIN IM, Albert DL, Crochelt R, Sank A, Materia A, Jaffe BM. Bombesin and insulin stimulated pancreatic polypeptide release as a discriminator of vagal integrity. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1983 Jun; 156(6):729-736.

191)        Valenzuela JE, Lamers CB, MODLIN IM, Walsh JH. Cholinergic component in the human pancreatic secretory response to intraintestinal oleate. Gut 1983; 24(9): 807-811.

192)        Weber C, MODLIN IM, DiBella F, LoGerfo P, Hardy M, Feind C, Reemtsma K. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP) immunoreactivity in human parathyroid culture media. J Surg Res 1983; 35(5): 21-425.

193)        MODLIN IM, Jaffe BM, Albert D, Sank A, Materia A, Crochelt R. Cholinergic stimulation of pancreatic polypeptide release by a meal, bombesin, neurotensin, tetragastrin, cholecystokinin and cerulein. J Surg Res 1983; 35(2):113-118.

194)        Mitchell JJ, MODLIN IM, D`Sa AA, Barros SR, Bloom SR. Pharmacokinetics of VIP in dog and pig. Experientia 1982; 38(9):1091-1093.

195)        Materia A, Jaffe BM, MODLIN IM, Sank A, Albert D. Effect of methionine-enkephalin and naloxone on bombesin-stimulated gastric acid secretion, gastrin, and pancreatic polypeptide release in the dog. Ann Surg 1982; 196(1):48-52.

196)        Materia A, MODLIN IM, Sank AC, Albert D, Jaffe BM. Opiate modulation of pancreatic polypeptide release by a meal in the dog. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1982; 223(2):355-358.

197)        Zinner MJ, Kasher F, MODLIN IM, Jaffe BM. Effect of xenopsin on regional blood flow, hormone release and gastric acid secretion. Am J Physiol 1982; 243(3): G195-G199.

198)        Jaffe BM, Akande B, MODLIN IM, Albert D, Reilly P. Cholinergic modulation of substance P release. Dig Dis Sci 1982 Jan; 27(1): 28-32.

199)        Sank AC, MODLIN IM, Jaffe BM, Albert DL, Crochelt R. Unreliability of bombesin as a diagnostic test for retained antrum. Surg Forum 1981; 32: 214-216.

200)        MODLIN IM, Albert DL, Crochelt R, Sank AC, Materia A, Jaffe BM. Bombesin and insulin stimulated pancreatic polypeptide release as a discriminator of vagal integrity. Surg Forum 1981; 32:211-214.

201)        Albert DL, Koenig M, Crochelt R, Sank A, Materia A, MODLIN IM, Andersen DK. Enhancement of sensitivity to insulin by pancreatic resection. Surg Forum 1981; 32:205-207.

202)        MODLIN IM, Albert D, Crochelt R, Sank A, Jaffe BM. Evidence for an intestinal mechanism of pancreatic polypeptide release. Dig Dis Sci 1981; 26(7):587-590.

203)        MODLIN IM, Albert D, Sank A, Materia A, Crochelt R, Jaffe BM. Role of the antrum in the modulation of plasma pancreatic polypeptide levels. J Surg Res 1981; 30(3):269-275.

204)        Materia A, MODLIN IM, Albert D, Sank A, Crochelt RF, Jaffe BM. Effect of somatostatin and 16,16-Dimethyl-prostaglandin E2 on bombesin-stimulated canine gastric acid, plasma gastrin and pancreatic polypeptide secretion. Regul Pep 1981; 1(4): 297-305.

205)        MODLIN IM, Lamers CBH, Walsh JH. Stimulation of canine pancreatic polypeptide, gastrin and gastric acid secretion by ranatensin, litorin, bombesin nonapeptide and substance P. Regul Pept 1981; 1(4):279-288.

206)        MODLIN IM, Ehrlich BE, Lamers CBH, Diamond JM, Walsh JH. Variable effect of lithium on canine pancreatic polypeptide and gastrin release by a meal or bombesin. Digestion 1981; 22(4):177-184.

207)        MODLIN IM, Albert D, Sank A. Current aspects of gut hormones. J Surg Res 1981; 30(6):602-618.

208)        Varner AA, MODLIN IM, Walsh JH. High potency of bombesin for stimulation of human gastrin release and gastric acid secretion. Regul Pept 1981; 1(4):289-296.

209)        MODLIN IM, Lamers CHB, Walsh JH, Jaffe BM. Bombesin - a vagally independent stimulator of gastrin release. Am J Surg 1981; 141(1): 98-104.

210)        Akande B, Reilly P, MODLIN IM, Jaffe BM: RIA measurement of Substance P following a meat meal. Surgery 1981; 89(3): 378-383.

211)        MODLIN IM, Lane FC, Albert D, Sank A, Crochelt R, Beyer M, Jaffe BM. Failure of pancreatic polypeptide release by pancreatic transplants. Surg Forum 1980; 31:209-210.

212)        Morley JE, Varner A, MODLIN IM, Carlson HE, Braunstein GD, Walsh JH, Herschman JM. Failure of bombesin to alter anterior pituitary hormone secretion in man. Clin Endocrinol 1980; 13(4):369-373.

213)        MODLIN IM, Lamers CBH, Jaffe BM. Evidence for cholinergic dependence of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) release by bombesin - a possible application. Surgery 1980; 88(1):75-85.

214)        MODLIN IM, Jaffe BM. The clinical usefulness of glucagon. Surgery 1980; 87(4):470-472.

215)        MODLIN IM, Lamers CBH, Walsh JH. Mechanisms of gastrin release by bombesin and food. J Surg Res 1980; 28(6): 539-546.

216)        Christofides ND, Sarson DL, Albuquerque RH, Adrian TE, Ghatei MA, MODLIN IM, Bloom SR. Release of gastrointestinal hormones following an oral water load. Experientia 1979; 35(11): 1521-1523.

217)        MODLIN IM, Lamers C, Shulkes A, Walsh JH. Release of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) from the pancreas. Surg Forum 1979; 30:405-407.

218)        MODLIN IM, Bloom SR. VIP and the WDHA syndrome. Gastroenterology 1979; 76(5):1078-1079.

219)        Christofides ND, MODLIN IM, Bloom SR. Effect of motilin on the rate of gastric emptying and gut hormone release during breakfast. Gastroenterology 1979; 76: 903-907.

220)        MODLIN IM, Hansky J, Singer M, Walsh JH. Evidence that the cholinergic enteropancreatic reflex may be independent of cholecystokinin release. Surgery 1979; 86(2):352-361.

221)        Christofides N, MODLIN IM, Sarsin D, Adrian T, Bloom SR. The release of gastrin, PP, VIP, and motilin after an oral water load and atropine in man. Clin Sci Mol Med 1978; 75(6):1051-1054.

222)        MODLIN IM, Mitchell SJ, Bloom SR. Experimental evidence for vasoactive intestinal peptide as the cause of the watery diarrhea syndrome. Gastroenterology 1978; 75(6):1051-1054.

223)        MODLIN IM Mitchell S, Bloom SR. Plasma vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) levels and intestinal ischaemia. Experientia 1978; 34(4): 535-536.

224)        MODLIN IM,Bloom SR, Mitznegg P. Motilin release in the pig. Gut 1978; 19(5): 399-402.

225)        Bryant MG, Polak JM, MODLIN IM, Bloom SR, Albuquerque RH, Pearse AG. Possible dual role for vasoactive intestinal peptide as a gastrointestinal hormone and neurotransmitter substance. Lancet 1976 May; 1(7967):991-993.

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C. Historical Articles


1)             Drozdov I, MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Golubinov VV. Nikolai Konstantinovich Kulchitsky (1865-1925). J Med Biography 2009; 17(1):47-54.

2)             Drozdov I, MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Golubinov VV. From Leningrad to London: The saga of Kulchitsky and the legacy of the enterochromaffin cell. Neuroendocrinology 2009; 89(1):1-12.

3)             Drozdov I, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. Hand Amputations and the Piano, or how diminuendo of the right hand led to fortissimo of the left. J Hand Surgery 2008; 33:780-6.

4)             Malfertheiner MV, Fill S, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. The elucidation of peptic esophagitis: From Hamperl to Heartburn. Zeitschrift fur Gastroenterologie 2007; 45:1164-8.

5)             Kloppel G, Dege K, Remmele W, Kapran Y, Tuzlali S, MODLIN IM. Siegfried Oberndorfer: a tribute to his work and life between Munich, Kiel, Geneva and Istanbul. Virch Arch 2007, Supp1:S3-7.

6)             MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Shapiro M, Eick G. Oberndorfer and the Evolution of Carcinoid Disease. Archives Surgery 2007; 142: 187-97.

7)             MODLIN IM, Champaneria MC, Bornschein J, Kidd M. The evolution of the diffuse neuroendocrine system – clear cells and cloudy origins. Neuroendocrinology 2006; 84:69-82.

8)             Champaneria M, MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Eick G. Frederick Feyrter: A precise intellect in a diffuse system. Neuroendocrinol 2006; 83:394-404.

9)             MODLIN IM, Sachs G, Wright NA, Kidd M. Edkins and a Century of Acid Suppression. Digestion 2005; 72:129-145.

10)          MODLIN IM, Shapiro MD, Kidd M. Siegfried Oberndorfer - Origins and Perspectives of Carcinoid Tumors. Human Pathology 2004; 35:1440-51.

11)          MODLIN IM, M Kidd, K Lye. From the Lumen to the Laparoscope. Arch Surg 2004; 139: 1110-26.

12)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Lye KD. Historical perspectives on the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2003 Jan;13(1):19-55, vii-viii.

13)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Lye KD. Perspectives and reflections on integrated digestive surgery. Best Pract Res Clinical Gastroenterology 2002; 16:885-914.

14)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Lye KD. Amsterdam and Netherlands Gastroenterology: a historical perspective. Best Pract Res Clinical Gastroenterology 2002; 16:971-998.

15)          Modlin IM, Kidd M, Hults C, Hinoue T. The surgery of chronic pancreatitis – A chronicle of confusion and despair? World J Surg 2002; 12:1382-1396.

16)          Modlin IM, Kidd M, Hinoue T. Of Fibiger and fables: cockroaches and Helicobacter pylori. J Clin Gastroenterol 2001; 33:177-179.

17)          Modlin IM, Kidd M. Ernest Starling and the discovery of secretin. J Clin Gastroenterol 2001; 32: 187-193.

18)          Kidd M, Modlin IM. Van Swieten and the Renaissance of the Vienna Medical School. World J of Surgery 2001; 25: 444-450.

19)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M. Ernest Starling and the discovery of secretin. J Clin Gastroenterol 2001; 32:187-192.

20)          Modlin IM. The Quincunx of Surgery. Nippon Geka Gakkai Zasshi. 2000; 101:264-265.

21)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Farhadi J. Bayliss and Starling and the nascence of endocrinology. Reg Pep 2000; 25: 109-123.

22)          MODLIN IM, Farhadi J. Rudolf Schindler—A Man for All Seasons. J Clin Gastroenterol, September 2000, v. 31:(2):95-102.

23)          Kidd M, Modlin IM. From Bontius to Boerhaave – The Leiden Luminati. World J of Surgery 1999; 23: 1307-1314.

24)          Kidd M, MODLIN IM. Frederick Ruysch - Depictor of the surreality of death. J Med Biog 1999; 7: 69-77

25)          Kidd M, MODLIN IM. A century of Helicobacter pylori. Paradigms Lost - Paradigms regained. Digestion 1998; 59:1-15.

26)          MODLIN IM. Surgical triumvirate of Theodor Kocher, Harvey Cushing and William Halsted. World J Surg 1998; 22:103-113.

27)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Sandor A. The influence of Theodor Kocher on American Surgeons. Digestive Surgery 1997; 14:469-482.

28)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Marks IN, Tang LH. The Pivotal Role of JS Edkins in the Discovery of Gastrin. World J Surg 1997, 21: 226-234

29)          MODLIN IM. The Surgical Legacy of Arris and Gale. Journal of Medical Biography, 1996, 4: 191-199

30)          MODLIN IM, Lawton GP. Observations on the Gastric Illuminati. Perspectives Biol Med 1996, 39 (4) 527-543

31)          Sandor J, Sandor A and MODLIN IM. Eugene Pólya: The Billroth of Budapest. J Am Coll Surg 1995; 181:352-362.

32)          MODLIN IM, Basson MD. The Lester Dragstedt Centennial. J Am Coll Surg 1994, 179(1) 84-102.

33)          Begos DG, MODLIN IM, Ballantyne GH. A Brief History of Intestinal Surgery. In: Perspectives in Colon and Rectal Surgery, 1994; 7: (1):133-157.

34)          MODLIN IM, Ahlman H. Oddi: The Paradox of the Man and the Sphincter. Arch Surg, 1994;129:549-556.

35)          Waisbren SJ, MODLIN IM. Lester R. Dragstedt and His Role in the Evolution of Therapeutic Vagotomy in the United States. Am Jo Surg, Vol. 167 (3), 1994; 344-359.

36)          John KD, MODLIN IM. A Brief Historical Perspective and A Comparison Of The Current Systems of Surgical Training in Great Britain, Germany and the United States of America. SGO Vol 177 (6):622-632, 1993.

37)          MODLIN IM, Waisbren SJ. Pavlov in the USA. Gastro Int Vol 6(1):48-53, 1993.

38)          MODLIN IM, Shin JH. Harvey Cushing: First Guest at "The Divine Banquet of the Brayne". Surgery 1993; 113:438-55.

39)          Waisbren SJ, MODLIN IM. The Evolution of Therapeutic Vagotomy. Surg Gynecol & Obstet 1990; 170:261-272.

40)          MODLIN IM. From Prout to the proton pump - a history of the science of gastric acid secretion and the surgery of peptic ulcer. Surg Gynecol & Obstet 1990; 170(1):81-96.

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D. Books

1)                   MODLIN IM and SACHS G, Acid Related Diseases-Biology and Treatment .Schnetzor Verlag 2004. Second Edition p1-522.

2)                   MODLIN IM and Kidd M. The Art of Dutch Medicine, Drukkerij Koopmans, Netherlands, 2004.

3)                   MODLIN IM and Kidd M. Diverse and Sundry reflections on British Medicine with especial attention to Gastroenterology: Sudler & Hennessey, London, 2004.

4)                   MODLIN IM and Kidd M. The Paradox of the Pancreas: from Wirsung to Whipple. Politzki Print Productions: Hanover, 2003.

5)                   MODLIN IM. The Evolution of Therapy in Gastroenterology. Sudler & Hennessey: Toronto, 2002.

6)                   MODLIN IM. A History of Gastroenterology at the Millenium. Milan 2000. pg 1-177.

7)                   MODLIN IM. A Brief History of Endoscopy. Multi Med Milan. 2000. p1-144.

8)                   MODLIN IM and SACHS G, Acid Related Diseases-Biology and Treatment .Schnetzor Verlag 1998. p1-368.

9)                   MODLIN IM. The Medical legacy of Leiden-From Boerhaave to Bontius 1998. Pg 1-145.

10)               MODLIN IM. The Doctors of the Dutch From Donders to Dicke. 1998. pg 1-130.

11)               MODLIN IM. The Medici of Rome –The Glory of Galen 1998. pg 1-165.

12)               MODLIN IM. The Medical Vintage of Vienna. Schnetzor-Verlag, GmbH Konstanz. 1-175.

13)               MODLIN IM. New Orleans. Medicine on the Mississippi. Schnetzor-Verlag, GmbH Konstanz. 1-138.

14)               MODLIN IM. The Medical Barbers of Birmingham. Withering, Tait and the Lunar Great. Schnetzor-Verlag, GmbH Konstanz. 1997. pg 1-147.

15)               MODLIN IM. Tales from the Tagus. Schnetzor-Verlag, GmbH Konstanz. 1997. pg 1-136.

16)               MODLIN IM. Medical milestones on the Potomac. Schnetzor-Verlag, GmbH Konstanz. 1997. pg 1-140.

17)               MODLIN IM, Ballantyne G, Lehy P. Textbook of Laparoscopic Surgery. Lippincott. 1993.

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E. Book Chapters


1)             MODLIN IM, Gustafsson BI, Kidd M. Neuroendocrine Tumors of the GI Tract: An appraisal of the past and perspectives for the future in “The Oxford Textbook of Endocrinology and Diabetes” Meeran K, Bloom S (eds) Oxford University Press (2nd edition) (in press).

2)             MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Malfertheiner MV, Gustafsson BI. Gastric Neuroendocrine Neoplasia in “The Biology of Gastrointestinal Cancers” Wang TC, Fox JG, Giraud A (eds) Springer-Verlag, NY 2008; 185-216.

3)             Oberg K, MODLIN IM. Non-functioning pancreatic endocrine tumors in “Oberndorfer Centennial” Modlin IM, Oberg K, (eds) (2008) p88-99.

4)             Black JW, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. Gastrin, neoplasia and the role of gastrin antagonists in “Oberndorfer Centennial” Modlin IM, Oberg K, (eds) (2008) p388-97.

5)             Gustafsson BI, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. Bronchopulmonary Carcinoid Tumors in “Oberndorfer Centennial” Modlin IM, Oberg K, (eds) (2008) p54-65.

6)             MODLIN IM, Oberg K, Chung DC, Jensen RT, de Herder WW, Thakker RV, Caplin M, Delle Fave G, Kaltsas GA, Kidd M, Krenning EP, Moss SF, Nilsson O, Rindi G, Salazar R, Ruszniewski P, Sundin A. The Current status of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors in “Oberndorfer Centennial” Modlin IM, Oberg K, (eds) (2008) p4-21.

7)             Gustafsson BI, Kidd M, Drozdov I, MODLIN IM. The Enterochromaffin cell in “Oberndorfer Centennial” Modlin IM, Oberg K, (eds) (2008) p178-91.

8)             MODLIN IM, Shapiro MD, Kidd M, Drozdov I, Gustafsson BI. Siegfried Oberndorfer and the Origins of Carcinoid Tumors in “Oberndorfer Centennial” Modlin IM, Oberg K, (eds) (2008) p22-39.

9)             MODLIN IM, Drozdov I, Gustafsson BI, Oberg K, Kidd M. Rectal Neuroendocrine Tumors – Diagnosis and Treatment in “Oberndorfer Centennial” Modlin IM, Oberg K, (eds) (2008) p124-133.

10)          Gustafsson BI, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors in “Oberndorfer Centennial” Modlin IM, Oberg K, (eds) (2008) p100-11.

11)          Kidd M, Malfertheiner M, MODLIN IM. ECL cells: CCN2 – a clue or a conundrum in “Oberndorder Centennial” Modlin IM (eds) (2008) p254-67.

12)          Gustafsson BI, Hauso O, Kidd M, MODLIN IM. Carcinoid Heart Disease in “Oberndorder Centennial” Modlin IM (eds) (2008) p298-303.

13)          MODLIN IM, Bornschein M, Kidd M. Gastrointestinal carcinoids in “Gastrointestinal Oncology – A multidisciplinary approach” Jankowski JA, Sampliner R, Kerr D, Fong Y (eds) (2007) (in press).

14)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Champaneria MC, Chan A. Historical perspectives of surgery for pancreatic tumors in “Surgery of Pancreatic Tumors” Shrikande SV, Buchler MW (eds) (2007)

15)          MODLIN IM, Champaneria MC, Chan A, Kidd M. Endocrine tumors of the pancreas in “Surgery of Pancreatic Tumors” Shrikande SV, Buchler MW (eds) (2007)

16)          MODLIN IM, Latich I, Drozdov I, Bornschein J, Kidd M. Somatostatin analog therapy in “Molecular targeting in oncology. Kaufman HL (ed) Humana Press (2008)

17)          MODLIN IM, Champaneria MC, Chan A, Kidd M, Eick G. The history of the pancreas in “The Pancreas (2nd edition)” Beger HW, Buchler MW (eds) Blackwell (2008)).

18)          MODLIN IM, Latich I, Kidd M, Zikusoka MN, Eick G, Champaneria MC, Chan A. Overview of therapeutic options for Gastrointestinal carcinoids. ASCO Educational Handbook (2007).

19)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Eick G, Latich I, Zikusoka MN. Gastric Carcinoid and the ECL cell in “From Gastrin to GERD – A Century of Acid Suppression”, Felsenstein CCCP, Hannover 2006; 68-81.

20)          MODLIN IM, Kidd M, Eick G, Latich I, Zikusoka MN. Edkins and a Century of Gastrin in “From Gastrin to GERD – A Century of Acid Suppression”, Felsenstein CCCP, Hannover 2006; XXXII-XLVI.

21)          MODLIN IM, Zikusoka MN, Kidd M, Latich I, Eick G, Romanyshyn JC. The History and Epidemiology of Neuroendocrine Tumors in “Handbook of Neuroendocrine Tumors”, London 2006 (in press).

22)          MODLIN IM, M Kidd, K Lye. Radio-labeled Octreotide for treatment of endocrine and other tumors in “Progress in Oncology” DeVita VT, Jr., Hellman S, Rosenberg SA (eds). Jones and Bartlett: Sudbury, 2004;169-209.

23)          MODLIN IM, K Lye, M Kidd. Carcinoid Tumors “Endocrinologic Surgery”, Marcel Dekker, New York 2003, Chapter 51: 611-639.

24)          Hirshowitz BI, MODLIN IM. The History of Endoscopy: The American Perspective in “Gastroenterological Endoscopy.” Classen M, Tytgat GN, Lightdale CJ (Eds). Thieme, Stuttgart, Germany 2002: 2-16.

25)          Modlin IM. Hults C, Kidd M, Hinoue T. A brief history of chronic pancreatitis in “Chronic Pancreatitis.” Buchler MW and Freiss H (eds). Blackwell, Berlin, Germany, 2001:3-26.

26)          Schmid SW. Buchler MW, Kidd M, Modlin IM. Acute pancreatitis in “Evidence-based Gastroenterology.” Irvine JE and Hunt RH (eds). BC Decker Inc. Publisher, Ontario Canada, 2001:422-433.

27)          MODLIN IM, Schmid SW, Tang LH, Farhadi J, Buchler M. Endocrine Tumors of the Pancreas in “Pancreatic Tumors: Achievements and Prospective.” Dervenis CG and Bassi C (Eds). Thieme, Stuttgart, Germany 2000:332-353.

28)          Modlin IM, Fahardi J, Kidd M. From the pump to the Helix in “Helicobacter pylori – Basic mechanisms to clinical cure.” Hunt RH and Tytgat GNJ (Eds). Kluwer Academic Publishers, London UK 2000:347-372.

29)          Schmid SW, Tang LH, Kidd M, Modlin IM. Muscarinic receptors on the pancreatic acinar cell in “Acute pancreatitis: novel concepts in biology and therapy.” Buchler MW and Uhl W (Eds). Blackwell, Berlin, Germany 1999:21-26.

30)          Gorelick FS, MODLIN IM, Schmid SW. Activation of muscarinic receptors on the rat pancreatic acinar cell is associated with cell injury. Buchler MW and Uhl W (Eds). Blackwell, Berlin, Germany 1999:27-35.

31)          Schmid SW, Uhl W, Kidd M, Modlin IM, Buchler MW. Experimental models of acute pancreatitis and their clinical relevance in “Acute pancreatitis: novel concepts in biology and therapy.” Buchler MW and Uhl W (Eds). Blackwell, Berlin, Germany 1999:51-62.

32)          Modlin IM. Schmidt S, M Buchler, Management of Pancreatitis, Evidence Based Medicine 2000

33)          Modlin IM, Kidd M, Miu K, Tang LH. The effect of Helicobacter pylori on enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell function in “Helicobacter pylori – Basic mechanisms to clinical cure.” Hunt RH and Tytgat GNJ (Eds). Kluwer Academic Publishers, London UK 1998: 176-187.

34)          Modlin IM, Kidd M, Sandor A. Perspectives on Stem Cells and Gut Growth: Tales from a crypt - From the Walrus to Wittgenstein in “The Gut as a Model in Cell and Molecular Biology.” Halter F, Winton DJ, Wright NA. (Eds.) Kluwer Academic Publishers, London UK 1997; 94:121-134.

35)          MODLIN IM. Islet Cell Neoplasia. In: Follow-up for Cancer (4th Ed). Ed. D.S. Fischer, Lippincott - Raven, New York 1996; pp 108-109.

36)          Begos DG, Lee F, Franco K, Baldwin JC, Revkin J, MODLIN IM. Büchler MW, Frei E, Klaiber Ch, Krähenbühl L (eds). Laparoscopic Surgery as an Option for Gallstones in Cardiac Transplant Candidates and Recipients. Five Years of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Reappraisal. Prog. Surg. Basel, Karger, 1996, vol. 22 pp 118-126.

37)          Goldenring JR, MODLIN IM. A Practical Approach to Cloning Strategies. In: Clinical Gene Analysis and Manipulation: tools, techniques and trouble shooting, J Jankowski, J Polak (Eds), Cambridge University Press, 1996, 270-288.

38)          MODLIN IM. From Prout to the Proton Pump. Schnetztor-Verlag GmbH, Konstanz, 1995.

39)          MODLIN IM, Rozen P, Scarpignato C. (Eds) Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research Series. Endocrine Tumors of the Pancreas 1995. Karger, Basel.

40)          MODLIN IM, Begos DG, Ballantyne GH. Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery: Current State of the Art. In: Clinical Gastroenterology (ed) H. Spiro, McGraw-Hill, Supp 1; pp 1-20, 1994.

41)          Leach SD, MODLIN IM. Approaches to Pancreatic Disease. In: Laparoscopic Surgery, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, PA; 1994: 165-172.

42)          Ferzoco SJ, MODLIN IM. Splenic Surgery. In: Laparoscopic Surgery, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, PA; 1994:154-164.

43)          Ballantyne GH, Leahy PF, MODLIN IM.(eds) Laparoscopic Surgery. WB Saunders, Philadelphia, PA; 1994.

44)          MODLIN IM, Basson MD. Gall Bladder: In Current Practice of Surgery. Copeland EM, Levine BA, Howard RJ, Sugerman H, Warshaw AL (eds). Churchill Livingstone, NY. 1993; XIII(9):3-20.

45)          DeMeester TR, Nahrwold DL, MODLIN IM. Esophageal, gastric and small intestine (editorial overview). In: Current Opinion in General Surgery 1993:165-169, ed.John M. Daly, Current Science.

46)          MODLIN, IM, Basson MD. Clinical Applications of Gastrointestinal Hormones. In Endocrinology and Mebabolism Clinics of North America. Vinik AI (ed) WB Saunders Co. 1993; 22(4):823-844.

47)          Soybel D, MODLIN IM. Overview of gastric mucosal injury and inflammation: In Gastritis. Kozol RA (ed). CRC Press, Boca Raton FL 1993; 1-34.

48)          Armstrong DN, Ballantyne GH, MODLIN IM. Ogilvie Syndrome: in Problems in general surgery. Colorectal Disease: Challenging Problems. Rothenberger DA (Ed) Lippincott 1992; 9(4):585-596.

49)          MODLIN, IM. (Guest Ed) Current Clinical and Scientific Perspectives in Gastroenterology. Yale J Biol and Med 1992; 65(5):393.

50)          Leach SD, Gorelick FS, MODLIN IM. Cellular mechanisms of acute pancreatitis. Perspectives in General Surgery. Levin BA (Ed) Quality Med Publ 1991; 2(2):97-112.

51)          MODLIN IM, Kim H, Bilchik A, Nilsson O, Esterline W, Goldenring J. Pathobiology of enterochromaffin-like cell tumor induction in Mastomys. Fernstrom Symposium 1990. R Hakanson & F Sundler (eds) 1990; 15:499-514.

52)          MODLIN IM, Basson M. Blood pepsinogen: Clinical and research significance: in Clinical Investigation of Gastric Function. Fron Gastroint Res. Scarpignato C & Bianchi Porro G (eds). Karger, Basel 1990; 17:157-171.

53)          MODLIN IM, Adrian TE. Hormones, neurotransmitters and other humoral markers of endocrine tumors. In Friesen Sr (ed): Surgical Endocrinology: Clinical Syndromes. Philadelphia: JP Lippincott 1988; 25-33.

54)          MODLIN IM. Tumor of the Endocrine Glands [Carcinoid Tumors]. Current Guidelines for the Management of Cancer.  Rene A. Khafif, Sameer Rafla, Samuel Kopel (eds). Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Academic Press Inc, New York. 1986; 201-212.

55)          MODLIN IM. Peptic ulcer syndromes - hyper and hyposecretory states: In Surg Care II. RE Condon, JJ DeCosse (eds) Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia. 1985; 3-39.

56)          MODLIN IM. Endocrine tumors: in Basic Principles of Surgical Oncology. Alfonso A and Gardner B (eds). Appleton Century-Crofts, New York, 1981.

57)          MODLIN IM, Jaffe BM. Gastrointestinal Hormones. Endocrine Society of America. Handbook, 1980.

58)          MODLIN IM, Mitchell S, Bloom SR. The systemic release and pharmacokinetics of VIP. In Gut Hormones  S. Bloom (ed). Churchill Livingstone, 1978; 470-474.

59)          MODLIN IM, Mitchell S, Bloom SR. VIP as the cause of the WDHA syndrome. In: Gastrointestinal Hormones and Pathology of the Digestive System. Grossman and Speranza V (eds) Plenum Press 1978; 195-202.

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F. Miscellaneous

1)                   MODLIN IM. George Sachs – I did it my way. J Clin Gastroenterol 2006; 40:867-9.

2)                   MODLIN IM. Galen and the Properties of Foodstuffs. (Book Review) Gastroenterology. 2005 (in press).

3)                   MODLIN IM. [Comments on: "Gastric carcinoid tumours. Is there a place for antrectomy?"] Ann Chir. 2006; 131: 294.

4)                   MODLIN IM, Adler G, Alexander K, Arnold R, Brenner DA, Corazziari E, Floch MH, Laporte RE, Peterson WL, Quigley EM, Shapiro MD, Spechler SJ, Spiller RC, Tytgat GN, Wiegers W. Information assimilation and distribution challenges and goals for real and virtual journals. J Clin Gastroenterol 2005; 39: 181-8.

5)                   MODLIN IM. (Foreword) Best Pract Clin Gastroenterol, 2004; 18 Suppl: 1-6.

6)                   MODLIN IM. (Foreword) History of Helicobacter pylori by Barry Marshall, 2003.

7)                   MODLIN IM. (book review) Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism: The Gut as an Endocrine Organ. Eds. P. Fuller and A Schulkes, Gastroenterol, 1994.

8)                   MODLIN IM. (book review) The Gastrointestinal Surgical Patient: Preoperative and Postoperative Care. Eds. EMM Quigley and MF Sorrell, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1994.

9)                   MODLIN IM. (book review) Horace W. Davenport. A History of Gastric Secretion and Digestion: Experimental Studies to 1975. Jo of the History of Med: Vol 48, October, 1993.

10)               MODLIN IM, Sabesin SM, Snape WJ Jr., Rubin W. Manpower in gastroenterology in the United States: A position paper of the training and education committee of the AGA. Gastroenterology 1989; 96(3):956-958.

11)               Zdon MJ, Lewis JJ, Adrian TE, MODLIN IM. Hypergastrinemia after vagotomy is not associated with decreased gastric somatostatin. Surgery 1989; 106:934. Letter to the Editor).

12)               Rikkers LF, Bland KI, Kinder BK, Lawrence PF, Lynch TG, MODLIN IM, Schulak JA, and Whitehouse WM Jr. Funding of surgical research: the roles of government and industry. J Surg Res 1985; 39(3):209-215.

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Last revised March 2010

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